Ovarian Cancer – Diagnosis and Treatment

Ovarian Cancer is a type of cancer seen in women, which is not easy to diagnose. This type of cancer, which can cause deterioration of functions such as reproduction, is a disease that does not show symptoms in its early stages and whose symptoms are often thought to be due to other reasons. Therefore, it is diagnosed in the late stages. This complicates the treatment.

What is Ovarian Cancer

Cancer is a disease that occurs when cells in the body grow out of control. Even if cancer later spreads to other parts of the body, it is usually named after the area in the body where it started.

Ovarian cancer is a disease that originates in the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Women have two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus, in the pelvis. The ovaries produce female hormones and produce eggs for reproduction. Abnormal cell changes that begin in these organs are a serious disease that affects the reproductive functions of the patient.

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

Ovarian cancer are diseases that cannot be diagnosed at an early stage because they are confused with the symptoms that can be experienced in some periods. However, these symptoms to be considered require seeing a doctor as soon as possible and include;

  • Abdominal bloating or swelling
  • Feeling of fullness while eating
  • weight loss
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • burnout
  • Back pain
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  • the need to urinate frequently

Causes of Ovarian Cancer

The exact cause of ovarian cancer is unknown. It cannot be said to occur for a reason, but some factors increase the risk of ovarian cancer. People with these factors should have regular tests and make sure everything is okay.

Ovarian Cancer Risk Factors

Factors that can increase your risk of ovarian cancer include:

  • Senile
  • hereditary gene
  • Lynch syndrome
  • Family history of ovarian cancer
  • Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy
  • Endometriosis
  • Age at which menstruation begins and ends
  • never been pregnant
liver cancer

Types of Ovarian Cancer

The type of cell in which the cancer begins determines the type of ovarian cancer you have. Each type may require different treatments. For this reason, the type of cancer you have is important in creating your doctor’s treatment plan. Types of ovarian cancer are:

Epithelial ovarian cancer: This type is the most common. It includes several subtypes, including serous carcinoma and mucinous carcinoma. The treatment of this type of cancer, which can result in death in its late diagnosis, is very important. In case of early diagnosis, the patient should be treated without delay.
Stromal tumors: These rare tumors can often be diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian cancers. Most of the time they are benign and easier to treat.
Germ cell tumors: These rare ovarian cancers tend to occur at a younger age. They can be good or bad-tempered. They can be treated if detected early.

Can Ovarian Cancer Be Treated?

It depends on the types of cancer. Some types of ovarian cancer can also be cured in the late stages, while others can only be cured in the early stages. This explains the importance of routine checkups. Every woman should have routine check-ups after the age of 40 and make sure that everything is in order.

For this, it is appropriate to have a check-up at least once a year. If you cannot do this due to the high prices in your country, you can have a Check-up in Turkey. For this, you can read our content and learn all the details and prices. Thus, even if you do not have any symptoms, treatment can be started early when something goes wrong in the body, and this is vitally important.


On the other hand, the treatment of these types of cancer also depends on the hospital where the patient will be treated. Getting treatment from doctors experienced in the treatment of ovarian cancer will increase the success rate of the treatment. At the same time, the technology of the hospital where the treatment is performed is also very important.

It should have devices that best recognize the cancer the patient has and provide focused treatment. These factors are extremely important in cancer treatments. At the same time, it is important for people with ovarian cancer to receive good treatment at an early age so that they do not experience reproductive problems. This shows that a good country should be chosen for treatments.

stomach cancer

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer

Pelvic exam: It involves inserting the fingers of the doctor’s gloved hand into your vagina during a pelvic exam. At the same time, he presses one hand on your abdomen to feel your pelvic organs. The doctor will also examine your external genitalia, vagina, and cervix.

Imaging tests: Tests such as ultrasound or CT scans of your abdomen and pelvis will help determine the size, shape, and structure of your ovaries.

Blood tests: Blood tests may include organ function tests that can help determine your overall health. This will show if there is a problem with your Ovaries as well.

Surgery: Sometimes your doctor isn’t sure of your diagnosis until they have surgery to remove an ovary and have it tested for signs of cancer.

Genetic testing: Your doctor may recommend testing your blood sample to look for gene changes that increase the risk of ovarian cancer. Knowing that you have an inherited change in your DNA helps your doctor make decisions about your treatment plan.

Ovarian Cancer Treatment

Ovarian cancer treatment, just like other cancers, includes surgery and other techniques. Although surgery and chemotherapy are used most of the time, other techniques listed below are also used in some types.

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

Ovarian Cancer Surgery

There are different types of Ovarian Cancer Surgery. These surgeries, the need of which are determined according to the stages, include the following;
Partial hysterectomy: Removes the upper part of your uterus.

Surgery is a frequently preferred method in ovarian cancer. However, it is possible to experience reproductive problems after surgery. For this reason, people should receive treatment from successful surgeons. In the successful treatment of cancer, early and timely treatment is as important as getting treatment from good surgeons for rapid treatment of the disease and less side effects.

You can also choose cancer treatment centers in Turkey to get timely and accurate treatment from successful surgeons. So you can get the best cancer treatments. Remember that this is a vital decision. Therefore, you should make a good decision and not seek treatment in countries with low success rates. Because it is so important that it can interfere with your life and reproduction.


Total hysterectomy: Removes both your uterus and cervix.
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO): Removes your ovaries and both fallopian tubes
Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Removes just one ovary and one fallopian tube.
Omentectomy: removes the layer of tissue that covers your stomach and large intestine
Lymph node dissection: Removes some of the lymph nodes in your pelvis and abdomen

Chemotherapy for Ovarian Cancer

The type of cancer often determines the chemotherapy plan in ovarian cancer. Therefore, the type of cancer must be accurately defined and treatment includes:
Most often, treatment is given with a combination of two drugs. This gives faster results than treatment with a single drug.
Treatment consists of 3 and 4 weeks, with sessions. And it is done with drugs given intravenously.


Treatment consists of chemotherapy and rest periods, which are called cycles. The cycles and the entire treatment process depend on the type and size of the cancer. The medication given in each Bird is at the discretion of the physician. Your doctor should give you the best combinations of drugs at the right dose at the right time to get the best treatment. And the types of drugs you will take include;

  • Albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel, Abraxane )
  • Altretamine (Hexalene)
  • Capecitabine (Xeloda)
  • Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
  • Etoposide (VP-16)
  • Gemcitabine (Gemzar)
  • Ifosphamide (Ifex )
  • Irinotecan (CPT-11, Camptosar )
  • Liposomal doxorubicin (Doxil )
  • melphalan
  • Pemetrexed (Alimta)
  • topotecan
  • Vinorelbine (Navelbine)

Targeted therapy for Ovarian Cancer

Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to identify and attack cancer cells while doing little damage to normal cells. These therapies find what makes cancer cells different and attack them that way. Each type of targeted therapy works differently, but they all change the way a cancer cell grows, divides, repairs itself, or interacts with other cells.

stomach cancer

Immunotherapy for Ovarian Cancer

Immunotherapy is not a method used in the treatment of every ovarian cancer. It is used in the treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer or advanced ovarian cancer.
Immunotherapy involves healthy cells meeting and attacking cancer cells in the laboratory environment. Cells trained in this way are sent back to the body. Thus, the patient’s body continues to fight cancer cells.

Radiationtherapy for Ovarian Cancer

Radiationtherapy is a rarely used method in the treatment of ovarian cancer. Chemotherapy and surgery are often used in the treatment of ovarian cancer.
Radiation is preferred in the treatment of ovarian cancer spreading to different tissues and organs.

Successful Cancer Treatments

Successful cancer treatments are very important not only for ovarian cancer but for all other cancer treatments. Considering the factors that ensure the success of the treatment you will receive, the success rate will increase considerably.

Successful cancer treatments are very important not only for ovarian cancer but for all other cancer treatments. Considering the factors that ensure the success of the treatment you will receive, the success rate will increase considerably.

  • Timely Cancer Treatment
  • Cancer Treatment in Equipped Hospitals
  • Affordable Cancer Treatment
  • Successful Countries in Cancer Treatment
  • Experienced Surgeons in Cancer Treatment

Timely Cancer Treatment

Receiving cancer treatments on time greatly increases the treatment success rate of patients. However, many countries that can provide very successful treatments in cancer treatments do not have this factor. Although countries such as the UK and the USA are often preferred in cancer treatments, the patient has to wait for a long time for cancer treatments. Patients coming to these countries for cancer treatment from many parts of the world are generally aware of the existence of waiting periods. But they think they should choose these countries to be treated well.

Ovarian Cancer


Cancer is a disease that requires treatment against time. If the cancer is diagnosed and treated at the right time, it is possible to cure it completely. For this reason, long waiting times in countries such as the UK and the USA will greatly reduce the success rate of the treatment. Because cancer is a disease that becomes difficult to treat over time and can reach other organs of the body. For this reason, the patient prefers to be treated in countries where he can receive treatment on true time.


This country is also Turkey most of the time. Turkey is a country that can provide treatment in cancer treatments without waiting. On the other hand, it is on the way to become one of the successful cancer treatment centers, with very successful treatments in recent years. You can also contact us to get a good cancer treatment in this country with proven success. Thus, we can create a treatment plan before you come to Turkey and start treatment as soon as you arrive.

Cancer Treatment in Equipped Hospitals

The patient who will be treated for cancer must choose a well-equipped hospital. Here again, country selection is important. Because the equipment and technological development of hospitals depends on the technological development in the country’s medicine. For example, in a country like Poland, the health system is quite problematic. Successful cancer treatments are not possible in Poland due to both waiting times and insufficient equipment. Even if you choose to be treated in the best hospital in Poland, it will not be as successful as being treated in a standard hospital in Turkey.

Ovarian cancer treatment is now easier thanks to the latest technology devices used in cancer treatment centers in Turkey. With focused treatments, the side effects of Cancer treatment are minimized and healthy cells are minimally damaged. On the other hand, it has technologies that make painless treatments possible. You can also contact us to benefit from Turkey’s success in cancer treatment. Thus, you can reach the most comfortable, painless and successful treatments.

Affordable Cancer Treatment

Cancer treatments are treatments covered by insurance. However, this does not mean that all cancer treatment costs are paid by the insurance. Although it varies according to cancer types, the patient has to pay at least 20% of the treatment cost. In cases where the patient needs to be treated in private hospitals due to the waiting times and insufficient equipment in public hospitals in his country, the patient can choose to be treated in different countries. This requires being able to receive affordable treatments in the preferred country.

Turkey is a very suitable country in general. The low cost of living and the high exchange rate ensure that foreign cancer patients can get the best treatments at very affordable prices. When countries such as the USA and UK are taken into consideration, it is possible to receive treatments in Turkey at the standards that can be obtained in the most successful cancer treatment centers in these countries. This will save up to 60% on treatments in Turkey. Thus, instead of working to pay off debt after cancer treatments, the patient will be able to experience a long rest period.

Cancer Treatment in Turkey

Successful Countries in Cancer Treatment

Countries that are successful in cancer treatments are listed below. The success of these countries in the treatment of kasner depends only on some factors.
For example, the Netherlands is listed below because of short waiting times, while Australia is below because of successful treatments. Instead of choosing one of the countries that have all these factors separately, getting treatment in Turkey, which is at the top, results in successful treatments in every sense.

  1. Turkey
  2. Australia
  3. Holland
  4. USA
  5. Canada
  6. Finland
TurkeyAustraliaHollandUSACanadaFinland
Country with Lowest Cancer Mortality Rate✓ ✓ 
Timely Cancer Treatment✓ ✓ 
Country Providing Affordable Cancer Treatment✓ 
Country with Highest Post-Treatment Survival Rate✓ ✓ 
Country with the Best Preventive Cancer Screenings✓ ✓ 
Country with Best in Cancer Diagnosis✓ ✓ 

Experienced Surgeons in Cancer Treatment

Choosing an experienced and successful doctor in Cancer treatments will make cancer treatments extremely successful. The doctor’s preference for the most appropriate treatment for the patient will make the patient’s treatment successful. Therefore, patients who want to find successful doctors should prefer Turkey.
Turkish surgeons are experienced in treating cancer and will easily find the most appropriate treatment for the patient. Thus, your cancer treatment success rate will be at the highest level.

Cancer Treatment in Turkey