Brain cancer is a cancer that can happen to individuals of any age, making life-threatening high. For this reason, it should be treated well and the patient should be offered a comfortable life. For this reason, the country where the patient will receive treatment is very important. By reading our article, you can have an idea about the best country to get treatment, you can learn everything about brain cancer treatment.
What Is Brain Cancer ?
Cancer is caused by the uncontrolled and disproportionate growth of cells in the brain. The proliferating cells combine to form tissues called tumors. These cells, which compress and damage healthy cells, may continue to multiply over time by spreading to other tissues and organs of the body. However, brain cancer is a very rare disease. Studies show that there is a 1% chance of developing brain cancer in a person’s lifetime.
Types of Brain Tumors
Astrocytomas: These usually form in the cerebrum, which is the largest part of the brain. They start in a star-shaped cell type. The most common symptoms are seizures or behavioral disturbances. Usually, they have a tendency to spread to other tissues. However, these types of tumors do not all grow in the same way, some grow rapidly while others grow more slowly.
Meningiomas: This type of brain tumor is usually seen in the 70s or 80s. They start in the meninges, which is the lining of the brain. They are usually benign tumors. They grow slowly.
Oligodendrogliomas: They usually occur in cells that protect the nerves. They grow slowly and do not spread to adjacent tissues.
Ependymomas: Tumors that form in the brain or spinal cord. It is a very rare tumor. It begins in the fluid-filled spaces in the brain and the canal that holds the cerebrospinal fluid. This type of brain tumor growth can be rapid or slow. About half of ependymomas are diagnosed in children under the age of 3.
Mixed Gliomas: They consist of more than one type of cell; Oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, and ependymal
They are usually seen in children and young adults.
Primitive Neuroectodermal: Neuroblastomas can start in the brain or spinal cord. It is most common in children, sometimes it can be seen in adults. They start in immature central nerve cells called neuroectodermal cells. Generally, it is a fast growing type of cancer.
How Is Brain Cancer Staged?
Brain cancer is staged differently from other cancers. In order to understand the stages of brain cancer, it is necessary to look at its pathological features or how the cancer cells look under the microscope.
Stage 1: There is no tumor tissue in the brain. It is not cancerous or does not grow as fast as a cancer cell. It grows slowly. When viewed, the cells appear healthy. It can be treated with surgery.
Stage 2: Brain tumor has occurred. It is malignant but grows slowly. When viewed under a microscope, they appear to begin to grow abnormally. There is a risk of spreading to surrounding tissues. After treatment, there is the potential for recurrence.
Stage 3: Brain tumors are malignant and develop rapidly. When viewed under a microscope, it shows severe abnormalities and rapid development. Stage 3 brain cancer can produce abnormal cells that can spread to other tissues in the brain.
Stage 4: Cancer brain tumors develop quite rapidly and have abnormal growth and proliferation characteristics that are easily visible with a microscope. Stage 4 brain cancer can spread quickly to other tissues and areas of the brain. It can even form blood arteries so that they can grow rapidly.
What Are The Most Common Symptoms Of Brain Tumors?
- Headache, especially at night
- Double vision
- Blurred vision
- Epileptic seizures
- Balance and gait disorders
- Numbness in arms and legs
- Tingling or loss of strength
- Personality disorders
- Speech disorders
Brain Cancer Treatment Options
There are multiple treatment options in Brain Cancer Treatment. However, these continue with the selection of the most suitable one for the patients after the necessary examinations. Neurosurgery is the most commonly used treatment for brain cancer. Neurosurgery also has its own types. You can also find information about brain surgeries in the continuation of our article. Other treatments used in brain cancer are radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Brain Cancer Surgery
Brain Cancer Surgery involves removing the tumor tissue in the brain and the healthy tissue around it. Removal of the tumor will improve neurological symptoms. Another important point of the surgery is to determine whether the patient is suitable for chemotherapy and radiotherapy, together with the tumor type.There are 5 types of surgery. These are preferred depending on factors such as the location of the tumor, the age of the patient, and the size of the cancer.
Stereotactic Brain Biopsy: This procedure is performed to determine whether the tumor is cancerous or benign. It is an easier process than other procedures. It involves removing a very small amount of brain tissue through a small hole in the skull.
Craniotomy: It involves the surgeon finding and removing the tumor. For this reason, a small portion of the skull bone is removed. After the operation, the skull bone is replaced.
Craniectomy: This is the same procedure as a craniotomy. However, the skull bone is not replaced after the surgery.
Shunt: It involves the surgical placement of a drainage system in the brain in order to relieve the excess or blocked fluid in order to reduce the pressure in the head. Thus, the fluid is drained and the intracranial pressure drops.
Transphenoidal Surgery: It is performed to remove tumors near the pituitary gland. In this procedure, no incision is made. The procedure involves taking a piece of the nose and sphenoid bone with the help of an endoscope.
Is Brain Cancer Surgery a Painful Process?
No. The surgeries are not painful. Although the methods are different, they usually come to the same conclusion. During the treatment, the patient does not feel any pain even if he is awake. It will be under general or local anesthesia. Although the awake operation may sound terrible, there is no pain during the operation. After the operation, it is normal to experience some pain during the recovery period. However, these pains pass quickly in a short time with the prescribed drugs.
Radiotherapy For Brain Tumors
Radiation can be used alone or 2 weeks after surgery. Radiotherapy involves using low-dose radiation beams to stop or slow the growth of a tumor in the brain. Reasons for radiotherapy use:
- If surgery is not possible.
- To destroy tumor cells remaining after surgery.
- To prevent tumor recurrence.
- To reduce or stop the growth rate of the tumor.
IMRT (Intensity modulated Radiotherapy) for brain tumors
IMRT is a very useful method for treating tumors in critical structures of the brain. It is used to avoid damaging the healthy cells around the tumor tissue. It is done by a machine called a linear accelerator that transmits radio beams to the target tumor. IMRT helps reduce damage to healthy tissues and minimize side effects. It is used together with chemotherapy to treat brain tumors. It is a highly preferred method.
Stereotactic Radiosurgery For Brain Tumors
It is non-surgical radiotherapy used to treat small tumors in the brain. SRS involves delivering a very high dose of radiation to the tumor in just one or a few sessions. Thus, the already small cancer cell can be easily destroyed.
Gamma Knife Radiosurgery For Brain Tumors
Gamma Knife is used to treat both malignant and benign brain tumors. During this treatment, a stereotactic radiosurgery machine is used. Thanks to this machine, only a focused radio beam is delivered to the tumor. almost no damage to healthy tissues. Patients do not need to stay in the hospital during this treatment. It is an alternative treatment method for patients at risk of complications for surgery. Thus, the patient is treated without risk.
CyberKnife Radiosurgery For Brain Tumors
This is a method used for cancerous and non-cancerous tumors that cannot be operated. The Cyberknife technique delivers a high-dose beam of radiation to the target tumor. A computer-controlled robot is used in order not to damage the surrounding healthy tissues. Thus, it is aimed to treat the patient without damaging the healthy tissues in his brain. This treatment can be cured for 5 days, depending on the type or size of the tumor. It can be a good alternative technique for patients at risk of complications for surgery.
Is Radiotherapy a Painful Treatment?
In general, radiotherapy has many side effects. However, pain is not one of them. During radiotherapy, you only hear sounds. You will not feel any burning or pain.
Is Chemotherapy a Painful Treatment?
Chemotherapy is the use of therapeutic drugs to destroy cancer cells. The drugs get into the bloodstream in the body. It destroys rapidly growing or multiplying cancer cells. It also causes minimal damage to healthy cells. Unfortunately, the blood-brain barrier does not make it possible to treat brain tumors with chemotherapy drugs. The brain’s protection system does not accept every chemotherapy drug. It allows the use of only a few types of drugs such as temozolomide, procabazine, carmustine, lomustine, vincristine, which are widely used in the treatment of brain tumors.
Brain Cancer Treatment Side Effects
- Fatigue and mood changes
- Hair loss
- Nausea and vomiting
- Skin changes
- Vision changes
- Radiation necrosis
- Increased risk of another brain tumor
- Memory and cognitive changes
Radiation therapy is an important treatment. And it is normal to have many side effects. However, it is possible to get rid of this side effect faster or to be less affected. Here are some things you need to do;
- Get lots of rest
- Eat a healthy and balanced diet
- Seek support from a dietitian if you lose your appetite
- Exercising regularly if you can
- Consum lots of water
- Reducing caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco intake
- Talk about how you are feeling with your friends, family or therapist
These, referrals, ensure that the patient has minimal side effects in radiation therapy. As a healthy individual, eating and exercising make the body healthy. Talking to your loved ones will also be a great source of motivation. It should not be forgotten that the greatest cure is happiness.
Brain Cancer 5-Year Average Survival Rate
|Low grade (common) astrocytoma||%73||%46||%26|
Countries And Waiting Times For Brain Cancer Treatment
Many countries have waiting times for many reasons. Waiting times are serious enough to cause cancer to progress. For example, the waiting period in Ireland is 62 days. This is just the time it takes to find out if you have cancer. It is necessary to wait at least 31 days for the planning and initiation of the treatment. These times are variable in many countries.
The reason for this may be that there are not enough specialists, but also that there are too many patients. For this reason, mistakes begin to seek treatment in other countries, knowing that waiting times are a risk. Even in a country with good health, such as the UK, the waiting period is at least 28 days. This long period is long enough to put the patient’s life at risk. There are also countries with short waiting times. However, that’s not the only thing that matters. Treatments should also be successful. Although early treatment increases the success rate, the disease of the patient who cannot receive good treatment will continue to progress.
Best Countries for Brain Cancer Treatment
Brain cancers are life-threatening diseases. For this reason, good treatments should be taken and the survival rate should be increased. For this reason, there are some factors that should be considered in choosing a country. The fact that countries have them means that it is a good country for brain cancer treatment.
- Equipped Hospitals
- Hygienic operating rooms or Treatment rooms
- Affordable treatment and needs
- Ease of Reaching the Expert
- Short Waiting Time
Being treated in countries with these factors both increases the success rate of the treatment and provides comfortable treatments. In many countries it is easy to find a few factors. But finding them all in the same country takes some research. You can learn about the treatment characteristics of Turkey by reading our article about being treated in Turkey, which we prepared so that you can keep this research faster.
Getting Brain Cancer Treatment in Turkey
Turkey is among the top 10 health tourism destinations in the world. Hospitals provide the best treatment with the latest technology by highly qualified health personnel and doctors who are experts in their fields. Patients can receive standard services in Europe and the United States with 70% savings.
Equipped Hospitals for Brain Cancer Treatment in Turkey
Having adequate equipment in hospitals is very important for correct diagnosis and treatment. The fact that technological devices are good can provide more painless and easier treatment methods to the patient. At the same time, laboratory devices used in tests and analyzes are also very important. Correctly diagnosing the type of cancer is more important than treatment.
Without a correct diagnosis, it is impossible to get good treatment. The devices used in hospitals in Turkey can provide all necessary information about cancer. Oncology surgeons and healthcare professionals are experienced and successful people. This is another important factor for the patient’s motivation and good treatment.
Hygienic Operating Rooms and Treatment Rooms For Brain Tumors
Another factor that is among the requirements of successful treatments is hygiene. Hygienic, operating rooms and rooms are very important for patients to avoid infection. Especially due to the Covid-19 Pandemic, which the world has been fighting for the last 3 years, more importance is given to hygiene in hospitals than ever before.
All the requirements of the pandemic are fulfilled and treatment is provided in a hygienic environment. On the other hand, the body of the patient fighting cancer will have a very low immune system and will be too weak to fight diseases. This increases the importance of sterilization of surgery and rooms. Curebooking clinics and operating rooms have a system called Hepafilter that cleans the air and a filtration system that provides sterilization. Thus, the patient’s risk of infection is minimized.
Affordable Brain Tumor Treatment
Cancer treatment comes with a long and difficult process. Therefore, it is important for patients to feel comfortable. Treatment prices in Turkey are already quite affordable. Compared to a country like the UK, it saves almost 60%. At the same time, if the patient does not need to stay in the hospital after the treatment, he should rest in a house or hotel where he will feel comfortable.
This is very convenient in Turkey. It is enough to pay a small fee of 90 Euros for a 1-day all-inclusive stay in a 5-star hotel in Turkey. Thus, your nutritional needs are also met by the hotel. On the other hand, your needs such as transportation are also met by Curebooking. The patient is picked up from the airport, dropped off at the hotel, and transferred between the hotel and the clinic.
Ease of Reaching the Expert
It is very difficult to reach a specialist physician in many countries where you can get good cancer treatment. The difficulty of this also affects the waiting time quite a lot. This is not the case in Turkey. The patient can easily reach the specialist physician. He has enough time to discuss his problems, complications and fears with his specialist doctor. Necessary treatment planning can be carried out quickly. At the same time, doctors do their best to ensure their patients’ comfort and good treatment, so treatment planning is best tailored for the patient.
Short Waiting Time in Turkey for Brain Cancer
In many countries of the world, there is a waiting period of at least 28 days. There is no waiting period in Turkey!
Patients can receive treatment on the date they choose for treatment. Treatment planning is carried out at the earliest and most appropriate time for the patient. This is a very important factor for the cancer not to progress and metastasize. In Turkey, the treatment of patients is carried out as soon as possible.
What Should I Do To Get a For Brain Tumor Treatment Plan in Turkey?
You can contact us to get a Treatment Planning in Turkey. You will need the hospital documents you have. A document of the examinations performed in your country should be sent to the doctor in Turkey. After submitting these documents to our doctors in Turkey, a treatment plan is created. If the doctor deems it necessary, he may order new tests. After the treatment plan, you should buy a ticket to Turkey one or two days before the treatment. All your remaining needs will be met by Curebooking. Transportation from the airport to the hotel and from the hotel to the hospital is provided by VIP vehicles. Thus, the patient will start a comfortable treatment process.
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