What is Brain Cancer?
Cancer is the uncontrolled and disproportionate growth of cells that can occur in many organs of the body. The proliferating cells combine to form tissues called tumors. Cell problems that occur in brain cells cause brain cancer, while sorons in other organs cause cancer in the organ where it is located. In this case, these cells, which compress and damage healthy cells, continue to multiply by spreading to other tissues and organs of the body over time. On the other hand, brain cancer is a very rare disease. Studies show that there is a 1% chance of developing brain cancer in a person’s lifetime.
Types of Brain Tumors
Astrocytomas: With astrocytomas, they usually form in the cerebrum, which is the largest part of the brain. It begins in a star-shaped cell type. It is a rare brain tumor. In addition, it is manifested by its symptoms and often has an aggressive development. They often tend to spread to other tissues. Growth rates and growth patterns are variable. Some types of Astrocytomas tend to grow faster, while others may grow more slowly. Regardless of the type of astrocytomas, treatment is not possible. Treatment is given so that astrocytomas progress more slowly and are less painful. Completely incurable.
Meningiomas: Meningiomas have 70% and 80% of brain tumors. Although it is the most common type, its origin is the meninges, which is the lining of the brain. They are usually benign tumors. They grow slowly. However, it is noticed late because it grows slowly and does not have harmful symptoms. This raises the possibility that if it grows too much, it may cause some injury.
Oligodendrogliomas: They usually occur in the cells that protect the nerves. They grow slowly and do not spread to adjacent tissues. It also tends to be a symptomless form of cancer that doesn’t require treatment. For this reason, it is possible to live with Oligodendrogliomas without the need for serious treatment with the necessary controls.
Ependymomas: Tumors that form in the brain or spinal cord. It is a very rare tumor. It begins in the fluid-filled spaces of the brain and the canal that holds the cerebrospinal fluid. This type of brain tumor growth can be rapid or slow. About half of ependymomas are diagnosed in children under the age of 3.
Mixed Gliomas: They consist of more than one cell type; Oligodendrocytes, astrocytes and ependymal
They are usually seen in children and young adults.
Primitive Neuroectodermal: Neuroblastomas can start in the brain or spinal cord. It is most common in children, but can sometimes be seen in adults. They start in immature central nerve cells called neuroectodermal cells. It is usually a fast growing type of cancer.
How Is Brain Cancer Staged?
Brain cancer is staged differently than other types of cancer. For this reason, in order to understand the stage of brain cancer, the biopsy taken should be examined pathologically. For this reason, a piece of tissue sample is taken from the patient’s brain during the surgery. This tissue sample taken can be examined by neuropathologists and a clear diagnosis of brain cancer can be made.
Stage 1: There is no tumor tissue in the brain. It is not cancerous or does not grow as fast as a cancer cell. It grows slowly. When viewed, the cells appear healthy. It can be treated with surgery.
Stage 2: Brain tumor has occurred. It is malignant but grows slowly. When viewed under the microscope, they begin to grow abnormally. There is a risk of spreading to surrounding tissues. There is a possibility of recurrence after treatment.
Stage 3: Brain tumors are malignant and grow rapidly. When viewed under the microscope, it shows severe abnormalities and rapid development. Stage 3 brain cancer can produce abnormal cells that can spread to other tissues in the brain.
Stage 4: Cancerous brain tumors develop quite rapidly and have abnormal growth and proliferation characteristics that are easily visible with a microscope. Stage 4 brain cancer can quickly spread to other tissues and areas of the brain. It can even form blood vessels so that they can grow rapidly.
What Are the Most Common Symptoms of Brain Tumors?
Brain cancer can have different symptoms depending on its type and stage. It is sometimes confused with an ordinary headache or dizziness. That’s why it’s important for people with brain cancer tumors to monitor for symptoms. Brain tumor often has the following symptoms;
- Headache, especially at night
- Double vision
- Blurred vision
- Epileptic seizures
- Balance and gait disorders
- Numbness in arms and legs
- Tingling or loss of strength
- Personality disorders
- Speech disorders
Can Brain Cancer Be Treated?
Brain cancer is a type of cancer with different types. Therefore, there are different types of treatment. While some types of brain cancer can be cured, some types of brain cancer cannot be cured. For this reason, you should know that the type of brain cancer you have is related to whether it can be treated or not.
Since brain cancers are rare types of cancer, an experienced surgeon and a well-equipped hospital are required for their treatment. Even if it is not curable, if you consider getting palliative treatment for the type of brain cancer you have, you can improve your quality of life and spend a pain-free time by getting treatment in a good hospital.
Uzbekistan Brain Cancer Treatment Options
Brain cancer treatment options are the same everywhere. If you are planning to receive brain cancer treatment in Uzbekistan, you will need to examine the options below. However, Uzbekistan is not a developed country in the field of cancer treatments. Although Uzbekistan is a country that participated in many researches in order to improve itself in cancer treatments in 2021 and said that it organized trips to successful countries in cancer treatment, it has not yet achieved success.
Because cancer treatments are not possible with the experience and knowledge of doctors alone. In addition, cancer treatment centers or oncology departments of Uzbekistan hospitals must have adequate medical equipment. Treatment should be provided with innovative technologies used in cancer treatments. Otherwise, it will be difficult to achieve the expected success.
In particular, brain cancer is one of the least common types of cancer. This, of course, causes the treatment areas to be less developed. In short, Uzbekistan is not a well-equipped country in cancer treatments. For this reason, many patients prefer to receive treatment in Turkey cancer centers or Turkey oncology hospitals. You can get detailed information about brain cancer treatment options by reading our content.
Uzbekistan Brain Cancer Surgery
Surgery is the most preferred option for brain tumors. It gives faster results compared to other treatment options. Surgery for the treatment of brain cancer starts by making a small hole in the skull. By entering through this hole, all cancer cells begin to be cleaned. Cancer cells must be removed without damaging vital tissues. The removal of all cancer tissue during this surgery is called a craniotomy. Therefore, surgery is very risky. On the other hand, not all cancer tissue can be removed during surgery. This is called partial craniotomy. In this case, too, treatment or chemotherapy reduces the amount of tumor to be treated.
On the other hand, some tumors cannot be removed. In such cases, your doctor may only perform a biopsy. This involves removing a small piece of the Tumor. Thus, the tissue taken is examined by a pathologist and the type of cancer is understood from the cells. This explains how the doctor can make a treatment plan.
Sometimes a biopsy is done with a needle. Doctors use a special head frame (such as a halo) and CT scans or MRI to pinpoint the exact location of the tumor. The surgeon makes a small hole in the skull and then guides a needle into the tumor. Using this technique for biopsy or treatment is called stereotaxy.
Is Brain Cancer Surgery a Painful Process?
Brain cancer surgeries require the skull to be opened. That’s why it often sounds scary. However, you should know that during brain surgery, the scalp is anesthetized or the patient is completely anesthetized so that the scalp can be cut painlessly. Then, the necessary operation begins. Being awake during the operation also prevents the patient from feeling pain. Because there are no pain receptors in the brain. This, of course, ensures that patients do not feel anything during the operation.
Radiation therapy can be used for brain cancer if surgery is not possible, or before and after surgery. Radiotherapy, as in other types of cancer, can be combined with chemotherapy or used alone as the main treatment. During radiotherapy, radio beams are delivered to the patient’s brain cells. This application is painless. Cancer cells in the brain of patients are adversely affected by these rays. Its growth slows and it dies over time. This constitutes a type of treatment. At the same time, radiotherapy can be used for the following reasons;
- If surgery is not possible
- Destroying remaining tumor cells after surgery
- To prevent tumor recurrence after surgery
- To reduce or stop the growth rate of the tumor
Uzbekistan IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy)
IMRT technology is a relatively new treatment in cancer treatment. Apart from normal radiation therapy, it can reach cancer cells by giving high doses of radiation to cancer cells. In addition, it does not harm the surrounding tissues by giving the least radiation.
Thus, the side effects of radiation therapy are reduced and patients can receive better treatment. However, Uzbekistan is a treatment that is not possible with cancer treatment. Since it is not used frequently, not every hospital has an IMRT device and patients have difficulty in accessing this treatment.
Uzbekistan Stereotactic Radiosurgery
It is non-surgical radiotherapy used to treat small tumors in the brain. SRS involves delivering a very high dose of radiation to the tumor in just one or a few sessions. Thus, the already small cancer cell can be easily destroyed.
Uzbekistan Gamma Knife Radiosurgery
Gamma Knife is used to treat both malignant and benign brain tumors. During this treatment, a stereotactic radiosurgery machine is used. Thanks to this machine, only a focused radio beam is delivered to the tumor. almost no damage to healthy tissues. Patients do not need to stay in the hospital during this treatment. It is an alternative treatment method for patients at risk of complications for surgery. Thus, the patient is treated without risk.
Uzbekistan CyberKnife Radiosurgery
This is a method used for cancerous and non-cancerous tumors that cannot be operated. The Cyberknife technique delivers a high-dose beam of radiation to the target tumor. A computer-controlled robot is used in order not to damage the surrounding healthy tissues. Thus, it is aimed to treat the patient without damaging the healthy tissues in his brain. This treatment can be cured for 5 days, depending on the type or size of the tumor. It can be a good alternative technique for patients at risk of complications for surgery.
Brain Cancer Treatment Side Effects
Brain cancer is an extremely serious operation. For this reason, patients should be aware of the side effects if they plan to receive brain cancer treatment. However, of course, the side effects will be temporary and it is possible to be less affected.
Therefore, you can consider the preventive treatments below. In addition, the side effects you may experience during brain cancer treatment may be;
- Fatigue and mood changes
- hair loss
- Nausea and vomiting
- skin changes
- Vision changes
- Radiation necrosis
- Increased risk of another brain tumor
- memory and cognitive changes
Preventing Side Effects in Brain Cancer Treatment;
- Get lots of rest
- Eat a healthy and balanced diet
- Seek support from a dietitian if you lose your appetite
- Exercising regularly if you can
- Consum lots of water
- Reducing caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco intake
- Talk about how you are feeling with your friends, family or therapist
Brain Cancer 5-Year Average Survival Rate
|Low grade (common) astrocytoma
Waiting Time for Cancer Treatment in Uzbekistan
Judging by what a doctor said, who collected data by researching cancer treatment and advanced technologies in Uzbekistan, there are a total of 1400 beds for patients who will receive cancer treatment in Uzbekistan. The fact that the number of cancer patients is higher, of course, means that the necessary care was not taken in the treatment of cancer.
The limited number of medical drugs that patients can take during cancer treatment reduces the success rate of brain cancer treatment in Uzbekistan. Therefore, Uzbekistan is not a good country to receive cancer treatment. waiting lists start from 3 months per person. In other words, to get cancer treatment, you must first make an appointment and then wait for months for treatment. In this case, of course, Uzbekistan affects cancer success rates.
Best Countries for Brain Cancer Treatment
Brain cancers are life-threatening diseases. For this reason, good treatments should be taken and the survival rate should be increased. For this reason, there are some factors that should be considered in choosing a country. The fact that countries have them means that it is a good country for brain cancer treatment.
- Equipped Hospitals
- Hygienic operating rooms or Treatment rooms
- Affordable treatment and needs
- Ease of Reaching the Expert
- Short Waiting Time
Being treated in countries with these factors both increases the success rate of the treatment and provides comfortable treatments. In many countries it is easy to find a few factors. But finding them all in the same country takes some research. You can learn about the treatment characteristics of Turkey by reading our article about being treated in Turkey, which we prepared so that you can keep this research faster.
Getting Brain Cancer Treatment in Turkey
Turkey is among the top 10 health tourism destinations in the world. Hospitals provide the best treatment with the latest technology by highly qualified health personnel and doctors who are experts in their fields. Patients can receive standard services in Europe and the United States with 70% savings.
Equipped Hospitals for Brain Cancer Treatment in Turkey
Having adequate equipment in hospitals is very important for correct diagnosis and treatment. The fact that technological devices are good can provide more painless and easier treatment methods to the patient. At the same time, laboratory devices used in tests and analyzes are also very important. Correctly diagnosing the type of cancer is more important than treatment.
Without a correct diagnosis, it is impossible to get good treatment. The devices used in hospitals in Turkey can provide all necessary information about cancer. Oncology surgeons and healthcare professionals are experienced and successful people. This is another important factor for the patient’s motivation and good treatment.
Hygienic Operating Rooms and Treatment Rooms For Brain Tumors
Another factor that is among the requirements of successful treatments is hygiene. Hygienic, operating rooms and rooms are very important for patients to avoid infection. Especially due to the Covid-19 Pandemic, which the world has been fighting for the last 3 years, more importance is given to hygiene in hospitals than ever before.
All the requirements of the pandemic are fulfilled and treatment is provided in a hygienic environment. On the other hand, the body of the patient fighting cancer will have a very low immune system and will be too weak to fight diseases. This increases the importance of sterilization of surgery and rooms. Curebooking clinics and operating rooms have a system called Hepafilter that cleans the air and a filtration system that provides sterilization. Thus, the patient’s risk of infection is minimized.
Affordable Brain Tumor Treatment
Cancer treatment comes with a long and difficult process. Therefore, it is important for patients to feel comfortable. Treatment prices in Turkey are already quite affordable. Compared to a country like the UK, it saves almost 60%. At the same time, if the patient does not need to stay in the hospital after the treatment, he should rest in a house or hotel where he will feel comfortable.
This is very convenient in Turkey. It is enough to pay a small fee of 90 Euros for a 1-day all-inclusive stay in a 5-star hotel in Turkey. Thus, your nutritional needs are also met by the hotel. On the other hand, your needs such as transportation are also met by Curebooking. The patient is picked up from the airport, dropped off at the hotel, and transferred between the hotel and the clinic.
Ease of Reaching the Expert
It is very difficult to reach a specialist physician in many countries where you can get good cancer treatment. The difficulty of this also affects the waiting time quite a lot. This is not the case in Turkey. The patient can easily reach the specialist physician. He has enough time to discuss his problems, complications and fears with his specialist doctor. Necessary treatment planning can be carried out quickly. At the same time, doctors do their best to ensure their patients’ comfort and good treatment, so treatment planning is best tailored for the patient.
Short Waiting Time in Turkey for Brain Cancer
In many countries of the world, there is a waiting period of at least 28 days. There is no waiting period in Turkey!
Patients can receive treatment on the date they choose for treatment. Treatment planning is carried out at the earliest and most appropriate time for the patient. This is a very important factor for the cancer not to progress and metastasize. In Turkey, the treatment of patients is carried out as soon as possible.
What Should I Do To Get a For Brain Tumor Treatment Plan in Turkey?
You can contact us to get a Treatment Planning in Turkey. You will need the hospital documents you have. A document of the examinations performed in your country should be sent to the doctor in Turkey. After submitting these documents to our doctors in Turkey, a treatment plan is created. If the doctor deems it necessary, he may order new tests. After the treatment plan, you should buy a ticket to Turkey one or two days before the treatment. All your remaining needs will be met by Curebooking. Transportation from the airport to the hotel and from the hotel to the hospital is provided by VIP vehicles. Thus, the patient will start a comfortable treatment process.