Bone marrow cancer is a very difficult disease to treat. If you want to be treated by taking advantage of Turkey’s medical technology. You can continue reading our article about marrow transplant.
What is Bone Marrow Cancer?
Marrow is a substance found inside our Bones, called spongy. Beneath the marrow are stem cells that can turn into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Bone marrow cancer occurs when these cells grow abnormally rapidly. This cancer that occurs in the bone marrow is called bone marrow cancer or blood cancer, not bone cancer.
There are different types of bone marrow cancer. By reading the rest of our article, you can have information on many subjects such as bone marrow cancer, its treatment, and marrow transplantation.
This is the most common type of bone marrow cancer. This cancer starts in plasma cells (white blood cells that provide antibodies to protect your body from disease). The onset of cancer occurs when the body produces large numbers of plasma. Numerous plasmas from this become tumors. This can cause bone loss. On the other hand, the patient loses the ability to fight infection.
Multiple Myeloma Symptoms
- Weakness and fatigue due to lack of red blood cells
- Bleeding and bruising due to low blood platelets
- Infections due to a lack of normal white blood cells
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Stomach ache
- Loss of appetite
- Confusion due to high calcium levels in the blood
- Bone pain or weakened bones
- Kidney damage or kidney failure
- Peripheral neuropathy or tingling due to nerve damage
Leukemia is caused by blood cells that do not die as they should, rather than plasma cells that increase in large numbers. The number is increasing due to the fact that he does not die. This causes the functions of red blood cells and platelets to deteriorate.
- Fever and chills
- Weakness and fatigue
- Frequent or severe infections
- Unexplained weight loss
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Enlarged liver or spleen
- Bruising or bleeding easily, including frequent nosebleeds
- Small red dots (petechiae) on the skin
- Excessive sweating
- Night sweats
- Bone pain
Lymphoma can start in the lymph nodes or lymph nodes. With lymphoma, when lymphocytes get out of control, a tumor forms, making it harder for your immune system to do its job.
- Swelling in the lymph in the body
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Nerve pain, numbness, tingling
- Feeling of fullness in the stomach
- Unexplained weight loss
- Night sweats
- Fever and chills
- Low energy
- Chest or lower back pain
- Rash or itching
Causes Of Bone Marrow Cancer
The exact cause of bone marrow cancer is not known. However, the factors that contribute to the emergence of this disease are as follows.
- Exposure to cleaning, oil, or agricultural products.
- Exposure to atomic radiation.
- Certain viruses, including HIV, hepatitis, some retroviruses, and some herpes viruses.
- Suppressed immune system or plasma disorder.
- Family history of bone marrow cancer.
Bone Marrow Cancer Diagnosis
- Diagnosis can be made with these tests and analyzes.
- Complete blood count
- Urine Test
- MRI, CT, PET and X-ray
- Bone marrow or enlarged lymph node biopsy
Bone Marrow Cancer Treatment
The most commonly preferred treatment methods are:
Chemotherapy: A systemic treatment designed to find and destroy cancer cells in the body. However, it has a bad side that it harms healthy cells.
Radiotherapy: It is a treatment performed by giving a high dose of radiation to the patient. Cancer cells divide and multiply much faster than normal cells. Radiotherapy is more effective on cancer cells than normal cells. They do not cause much harm to healthy cells.
Marrow Transplantation: There are varieties. You can continue reading for details.
Marrow Transplant Surgery
How is Marrow Transplantation Performed?
It is the procedure of introducing stem cells into the body that make healthy blood. In cases where the bone marrow is not functioning or cannot produce enough healthy blood cells, a bone marrow transplant is required.
Bone marrow transplants are divided into two types, autologous and allogeneic.
Autologous: It is the name given to transplants in which cells from the human body are used.
Allogeneic: Transplantation performed by taking cells from a donor or donor.
Autologous Stem Cell Transplant
Autologous bone marrow transplant is a good option only if the patient’s body is producing enough healthy bone marrow cells. Autologous stem cell transplant helps replace damaged bone marrow. Autologous stem cell transplants are often used for patients who need high doses of chemotherapy and radiation.
How to Collect Stem Cells for Autologous Transplantation?
A procedure called apheresis is used to collect blood stem cells. Before apheresis, the patient receives daily injections of growth factor to increase stem cell production and harvest stem cells.
During apheresis, blood is taken from the vein. Stem cells are transferred to a special machine for differentiation.
The machine separates the blood into different parts, including stem cells. The separated stem cells are collected. It is frozen for use during transport. The remaining blood is returned to the body.
Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant
In this type of transplant, the donor can be a family member, acquaintance or stranger. Cells used in allogeneic stem cell transplantation can be taken from different parts of the body.
- From the donor’s blood
- From the donor’s hip bone marrow
- from donated umbilical cord blood
Before allogeneic stem cell transplantation is performed, it is necessary to destroy the diseased cells and prepare the body for donor cells in order to obtain a successful treatment result. This requires high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
How To Collect Stem Cells For Allogeneic Transplantation?
A suitable donor must be found. If found, stem cells should be collected. Stem cells can be taken from the donor’s blood or bone marrow. The transplant team decides which is better according to the cancer stage of the patient.
Allogeneic transplantation can be applied with another type. Cord blood transplant: This transplant uses stem cells from the umbilical cord. Some mothers donate their umbilical cords after the birth of their baby. Then the blood in the donated cord is frozen. It is stored in a cord blood bank until a bone marrow transplant is needed.
Bone Marrow Cancer Survival Rate
The survival rate of a bone marrow cancer patient varies from country to country. According to recent studies, the adequacy of medical treatment in the country of residence of the patient significantly affects the survival rate of the patient. On the other hand, your chances of survival also depend on the stage at which the cancer was diagnosed. Early detection of bone marrow cancer has a very high chance of survival. The later the cancer is detected, the higher the mortality rate.
Which Country Is Best For Bone Marrow Cancer Treatments?
There is no such thing as the best country for bone marrow treatment. Countries with good health systems are also better able to treat bone marrow cancer. This makes Turkey one of the best countries. By looking at the factors that increase the success rate of the treatment, it can be calculated how good the treatment to be received in Turkey will be.
- Hospitals in Turkey
- Operating Theaters in Turkey
- Affordable Treatments
- Ease of Reaching a Specialist
- No Waiting Time
- Projects Facilitating Finding Donor Buttonholes
Hospital In Turkey
Turkey is a very important location with important projects and studies in the field of health. In particular, there are well-equipped hospitals that can complete cancer treatments quite successfully. There are some factors that increase the success rate of treatment in the treatment of diseases of vital importance such as cancer. For example, not all cancers are the same.
The results they all give to drugs and treatments are completely different. These can be determined by the studies of hospitals in Turkey. Targeted drugs can be detected in Turkey. Determination of subtypes of cancer by pathological, molecular biological and genetic tests is a factor that increases the success rate of treatment. This is also available in hospitals in Turkey. Thanks to these tests, individual cancer treatment can be planned, and it can be decided which treatment should be applied to which patient.
Operating Theaters in Turkey
Turkey is a country with a large number of bone marrow transplant units. The annual number of marrow transplants has reached 10,000. Success rates are generally in line with European and American data. In Turkey, allogeneic transplantation can be performed from a fully HLA-matched sibling, a semi-matched sibling, or an unrelated donor. The most important detail in bone marrow transplantation is the protection of patients receiving treatment from infections.
For this, the filtering system that provides sterilization in patient rooms and operating rooms is very important. In Turkey, a system that cleans the air called hepafilter is used in patient rooms, operating rooms and corridors. Thanks to this system, patient rooms and operating rooms are always kept sterile. For this reason, the probability of the infection being transmitted to the patient by the nurse, doctor or companion is very low.
Cancer is, a difficult and costly disease to treat. For this reason, many patients do not have enough money to be treated in their own country. This causes patients to seek different countries for treatment. Turkey would be the most advantageous choice in such a case. It is possible to receive the most appropriate and most successful treatments for this disease, which requires long-term treatment, in Turkey.
The high exchange rate in Turkey makes it easier for foreign patients with bone marrow cancer to stay in Turkey for a long time and receive treatment.
Before the marrow transplant, when you need to rent a house or hotel room to prepare for surgery and stay in Turkey, you can provide accommodation at very affordable prices. Your treatment costs will also be much more economical than in your country. This is one of the advantages of choosing Turkey.
Ease of Reaching a Specialist
Another important factor in the treatment of Cancer Disease is to reach a specialist doctor. The health system in many countries is not capable of this. Although this is possible in countries such as the United States, Canada and England, patients whose financial situation is not sufficient due to treatment costs cannot receive treatment. In Turkey, it is quite easy to reach a specialist doctor. There are very good Oncology Specialists in clinics and hospitals in Turkey. This makes it easy to reach the doctor when the patient needs it.
It is important for the well-being of the patient that the patient can easily communicate with the specialist physician before the bone marrow transplant, when he is afraid or has questions.
No Waiting Time
Another factor that is highly correlated with the success rate in cancer treatment is time. For cancer patients, there is nothing more valuable than time. It is a disease that must be raced against time. Unfortunately, in some countries there is a waiting period regardless of illness. This problem, which occurs when the health system is inadequate, is very important for cancer patients.
No matter how much money the patient has, no matter how good the doctors are, waiting to be treated in a country where there is a waiting period is a vital risk. However, there is no such problem in Turkey. In Turkey, there is no waiting period even for one day in high-equipped hospitals. The patient can be admitted to the hospital on the day he arrives and his treatment can be started. This allows methods such as transplantation, chemotherapy and radiotherapy to achieve faster success.
Projects Facilitating Finding Donor Buttonholes
There are institutions, organizations and Projects Working on Bone Marrow Donation in Turkey. Thanks to these organizations and projects, it is easier for bone marrow cancers to find compatible donors. The common goal of projects and organizations in Turkey is to become an internationally leading accredited bone marrow tissue database with up-to-date knowledge and experience by using advanced technology in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell procurement processes. A patient who wants to be on the donor list for bone marrow transplantation can increase the probability of getting treatment faster by choosing Turkey.
Thanks to the projects in Turkey, this will be easier.
Why is Country Selection Important for Bone Marrow Transplantation and Other Cancer Treatments?
It is possible to get good treatments with the right country selection, whether in terms of life or financial. While it is vitally important to receive treatment in countries where there are factors directly proportional to the success rate for the treatment above, the affordable prices that the patient can pay for the treatment are also important financially. In both respects, it is advantageous to receive treatment in Turkey. There are few countries that offer well-equipped, successful, and affordable treatment. The most advantageous of these is Turkey.
Bone Marrow Transplant Prices in Turkey
If you want to receive bone marrow cancer treatment in Turkey, or if you want to have a bone marrow transplant, you can contact us. You may be one of our hundreds of cancer patients who receive successful operations annually. Everyone has the right to live. For this reason, our prices have been prepared with our patients in mind. There are payment options. For more detailed information and questions, you can call Curebooking. Our consultants are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
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