Head and Neck Cancers- Diagnosis and Treatment

Head and neck cancers, like other types of cancer, are diseases that can be seen in many people and can be treated at the acute stage. You can call us to get successful head and neck cancer treatment. For more detailed information, you can read our content.

What are Head and Neck Cancers?

Cancers known collectively as head and neck cancers are cancers that usually begin in the squamous cells that line the mucosal surfaces of the head and neck. These cancers are called head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. It is important to treat these cancers that can occur in the oral cavity, throat, larynx, sinus and nasal cavities or salivary glands.

Types of Head and Neck Cancers

Oral cavity: These are the types of cancer that can occur in the small area of ​​the lips, the anterior two-thirds of the tongue, the gums, the inner lining of the cheeks and lips, the floor of the mouth under the tongue, the hard palate and the gum behind the wisdom teeth. Although it is possible to treat these types of cancer caused by abnormal cell changes in these regions, successful treatments are required. For this reason, getting these cancer treatments in Turkey! will increase the success rate.

Throat (pharynx): The pharynx is a hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts at the back of the nose and goes into the esophagus. It consists of three parts: nasopharynx , oropharynx, hypopharynx. It is the name given to abnormal cell proliferation in these regions. These cancers are cancer types that are seen frequently and require successful treatments, although they can be treated.

Larynx: A short passage of cartilage in the neck just below the pharynx. The voice box contains the vocal cords. It also has a small piece of tissue called the epiglottis that acts to cover the voice box to prevent food from entering the airways. The patient with this cancer experiences shortness of breath. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is very important.

Paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity: Paranasal sinuses are small hollow cavities found in the bones of the head surrounding the nose. The nasal cavity is the space inside the nose. This cancer treatment can cause serious problems. In order to treat this late-diagnosed type of cancer, some permanent operations should be performed on the face. This explains how important this type of muscle therapy is.

After the treatment of this type of cancer, it often requires the patient to receive reconstructive treatment after treatment. For this reason, good treatments should be received and the least harm should be done to the patient.

Salivary glands: The major salivary glands are located at the floor of the mouth and close to the jawbone. The salivary glands produce saliva. Small salivary glands are located in the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat.

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Head and Neck Cancers Symptoms

Mouth cancer can cause

  • A white or red sore that does not heal on the gums, tongue, or lining of the mouth.
  • Swelling in the jaw.
  • Unusual bleeding or pain in the mouth.
  • A lump or thickening.
  • Problems with dentures.

Pharynx cancer can cause

  • Trouble breathing or speaking.
  • A lump or thickening.
  • Trouble chewing or swallowing food.
  • A feeling that something is caught in the throat.
  • Pain in the throat that won’t go away.
  • Pain or ringing in the ears or trouble hearing.

Larynx cancer can cause

  • Pain when swallowing.
  • Ear pain.

Sinuses and nasal cavity cancer can cause

  • Blocked sinuses that don’t clear.
  • Sinus infections that do not respond to treatment with antibiotics.
  • Bleeding through the nose.
  • Headaches.
  • Pain and swelling around the eyes.
  • Pain in the upper teeth.
  • Problems with dentures.
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What Causes Head and Neck Cancers?

The cause of head and neck cancers, as in other types of cancer, is not clear. However, there are some factors that increase the risk of getting these cancers. People with these factors have a higher risk of developing head and neck cancer than other people. Head and neck cancer risk factors are:

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Combined use of alcohol and cigarettes
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Infection
  • Senile
  • Ultraviolet (UV) Rays
  • Not enought feeding
  • Weakened Immune System

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment

Head and Neck Cancers, as in other types of cancer

  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Includes management

However, successful individual treatment depends on several factors, including the location of the tumor, the stage of the cancer, the person’s age and general health. Patients should receive successful treatments, otherwise it should be kept in mind that these types of cancer can change the way a patient looks, speaks, eats or breathes, and any treatment can affect their quality of life.

Successful Treatment of Head and Neck Cancers

Cancer is a disease that can endanger a person’s life. Head and neck cancers are also life-threatening cancer types that can affect the aesthetic appearance as well. Therefore, successful treatment is important. Unless it is necessary, it is important that the patient’s external appearance is treated without deterioration.

This is possible in technologically advanced countries. You can get treatment for head and neck cancers in Turkey, which is one of these countries. You can contact us for affordable treatment in Turkey. On the other hand, you should not forget that it is one of the most successful among many countries.

Mouth cancer

Mouth cancer is one of the most common types of head and neck cancer. For this reason, we prepared it as a separate content and explained it in detail. The link where you can read the diagnosis and treatment, as well as the symptoms and causes; Oral Cancer Treatment

Throat Cancer

Throat Cancer is a type of cancer that can be seen in various parts of the throat and is named accordingly. The types of cancer seen in the throat and their explanations is as follows;
Nasopharyngeal cancer begins in the nasopharynx, the part of your throat just behind your nose.

Oropharyngeal cancer begins in the oropharynx the part of your throat just behind your throat that contains your tonsils.

Hypopharyngeal cancer (laryngopharyngeal cancer) starts in the hypopharynx (larynx) the lower part of your throat, just above your esophagus and windpipe.
Glottic cancer begins in the vocal cords.

Supraglottic cancer begins in the upper part of the voice box and includes cancer that affects the epiglottis, a piece of cartilage that prevents food from entering your windpipe.

Subglottic cancer begins in the lower part of your voice box, below your vocal cords.

Throat Cancer Symptoms

  • Cough
  • Voice changes such as hoarseness or inability to speak clearly
  • difficulty swallowing
  • Earache
  • A non-healing lump or sore
  • Throat ache
  • weight loss
Head and neck cancers

Throat Cancer Causes

Throat cancer is diseases caused by abnormal cell movements in any tissue or organ in the throat. These diseases generally have no cause. However, some situations may increase the risk of this cancer. For this reason, people with these risk factors should go to regular checkups and make sure that everything is in their absence.

Throat Cancer Risk factors

  • Tobacco use
  • Alcohol use
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Viral infections, including Estein-Barr virus
  • A diet devoid of fruits and vegetables
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Exposure to toxic substances in the workplace

Head and Neck Cancers Treatment in Turkey

Turkey is a country that is frequently preferred in cancer treatments. Thanks to its ability to provide timely and effective treatments, head and neck cancer treatments can also be successfully given in this country, which has provided treatment for many cancer patients.
On the other hand, it is a country that provides hope for many patients because it provides affordable treatment. Advantages of receiving head and neck cancer treatment in Turkey;

Timely Treatment: Timely treatment of cancer is as important as its early diagnosis. Late treatments in head and neck cancers are diseases that not only put the life of the harvest at risk, but also impair the external appearance of it irreversibly. Therefore, it is important that patients receive timely treatment. Patients who want to receive timely and successful treatments for head and neck cancers can contact us as Curebooking. Thus, you can receive treatment with a completely focused attention on your comfort and treatment.


Treatment in Equipped Hospitals: It is important to receive treatment in equipped hospitals in cancer treatments, to keep the external appearance disorder at a minimum level and to receive painless treatments. Even when surgical techniques are required, the treatments you will receive from equipped hospitals will be extremely painless and successful. After head and neck cancer treatments, it is your right to receive treatments that are so good that they do not cause you to receive reconstructive treatments.