Oral cancer, which is the name of cancer types that can occur in many parts of the mouth, can develop due to many reasons. Although it is easier to treat than other types of cancer, it can be treated if detected early. For this reason, you should get detailed information about oral cancer. These wounds, which are generally thought of as a simple wound, are often ignored. For detailed information about oral cancer, you can read our content. On the other hand, you can get successful treatments in Turkey by reading our content, which also includes information about successful oral cancer treatments.
What Is Oral Cancer?
Oral Cancer is the general name of cancers that can be found in all organs that make up the mouth. Therefore, it cannot be considered as a single cancer. Although all oral cancers are handled separately, the diagnosis and treatment methods are often the same.
Types of Oral Cancer
- Lip cancer
- Tongue Cancer
- Buccal Mucosa Cancer
- Palate Cancer
Lip cancer is a more prominent cancer among other cancers. The diagnosis of this type of cancer, which gives symptoms in the form of abnormalities in the lip, can often be made early. Therefore, thanks to early diagnosis, it is not a fatal disease. To give a precise figure, approximately 92% of people continued their lives after the treatment of lip ache. Treatment of lip cancer is the same as in other oral cancers. For detailed information about the treatment, you can continue reading the content.
Tongue Cancer treatment, like other mouth cancers, includes surgery and treatments such as radiotherapy or chemotherapy. And also,
Treatment of advanced tongue cancers can affect your ability to speak and eat. Working with a skilled rehab team can help you cope with the changes that result from tongue cancer treatment. That’s why we, as Curebooking, provide the most successful treatments together with our successful rehabilitation team. You can contact us for detailed information.
Buccal Mucosa Cancer
Buccal Mucosa Cancer is one of the types of cancer that is mostly treated with surgery and chemotherapy. It usually involves the removal of cancerous tissue with a scalpel in the clinic. However, chemotherapy and surgery are also necessary for larger tumors. Since most of the two surgeries in oral cancer treatments require the same procedure, you can continue reading the treatment section for detailed information.
Palate cancers are often the easy-to-treat types of canker sores. It includes tumors that form on the upper palate and tend to spread to the nose. Its treatment is surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, as in other mouth cancers. An operation called a maxillectomy is usually part of the treatment.
If the cancer is more advanced, radiation, chemotherapy, or both may be used to shrink the tumor before or after surgery. This reduces the risk of the cancer coming back. For some people, radiation may be the only treatment needed.
Causes of Oral Cancer
Oral cancers occur when cells in the lips or mouth develop changes to their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell a cell what to do. During these changes, healthy cells die, while abnormal cells come together and form tumors. These tumors can occur in one part of the mouth or in places such as the neck. On the other hand, if it is staged, it can spread to different parts of the body.
The factors that cause oral cancer are not clear. It cannot be clearly explained. However, there are some risk factors. It is necessary for people with these risk factors to have regular check-ups and to prevent this.
Oral Cancer Risk factors
- Use of cigarettes, cigars, pipes
- Use of any form of tobacco, including chewing tobacco and snuff
- Alcohol use
- Excessive sun exposure of your lips
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
- a weakened immune system
Oral Cancer prevention
While there is no proven way to prevent Oral Cancer, there are some precautions you can take to reduce this risk.
- If you use tobacco, quit. (Using tobacco exposes cells in your mouth to dangerous chemicals that cause cancer.)
- Drink alcohol only in moderation. (Chronic overuse of alcohol can irritate the cells in your mouth, making them vulnerable to oral cancer.)
- Avoid exposing your lips to excessive sun.
- See your dentist regularly.
Symptoms of Mouth Cancer
Oral cancer is a type of canker that can be easily treated if not noticed in its early symptoms. For this reason, people should pay attention to their oral and dental health and have regular check-ups. Thus, they are types of cancer that can be easily diagnosed and treated in any abnormality. On the other hand, if you have even one of the following symptoms, you should consult a doctor.
- non-healing wound in the mouth
- a mass or lump in the mouth
- difficulty swallowing
- a lump on your neck
- Persistent Ear Pain
- Involuntary Weight Loss
- Numbness anywhere in the head area
- Red or white patches in the mouth
- throat ache
- jaw pain or stiffness
- tongue pain
Oral Cancer Diagnosis
If the symptoms of oral cancer are found in people, the doctor can clarify this situation by ordering some tests. With these tests, it can be easily understood whether a person has cancer or not. These tests include:
Physical Examination: Dentists and doctors often find lip and oral cavity cancers during routine checkups. If a person shows signs of oral or oropharyngeal cancer, the doctor will take a complete medical history by asking about the patient’s symptoms and risk factors. Thus, other organs that may show cancer formation in the head and neck region are also controlled. In case of any abnormality, some tests may be requested.
Endoscopy: If there is any abnormality in the mouth and throat, the doctor will look with an endoscope to better understand this. This involves inserting a special camera tube through the nose. Thus, with the high resolution camera, it is checked whether everything is in order or not.
Endoscopic examinations take different names depending on the area of the body examined, such as laryngoscopy to view the larynx, pharyngoscopy to view the pharynx, or nasopharyngoscopy to view the nasopharynx.
If any abnormality is observed during these procedures, the doctor will take a biopsy. However, during all these procedures, the patient will be anesthetized with a spray. Therefore, it does not feel any pain. For detailed information about biopsy, you can continue reading the content.
Biopsy: A biopsy involves removing some tissue for examination under a microscope. Although most stresses can say that cancer is present, only a biopsy can confirm it. Cells are removed using a fine needle inserted directly into the suspicious area. The cells taken are examined by the pathologist and the result is reported to the patient.
Oral brush biopsy: Samples taken by rubbing a small brush on the suspicious area during routine dental checkups are sent to the laboratory. The samples taken are not analyzed and if there is any situation, the patient is informed. This requires taking a biopsy afterwards.
HPV testing: HPV testing can be done on a tumor sample removed during biopsy. HPV has been associated with a higher risk of oropharyngeal cancer. Knowing whether a person has HPV can help determine the stage of the cancer and the treatment options that are likely to be most effective.
X-Ray: X-ray is used to take a picture of the structures inside the body using a small amount of radiation. It may be preferred by your dentist or doctor to look for abnormal findings in the mouth or neck.
Barium swallow: There are 2 barium swallow tests that are usually used to look at the oropharynx and check the patient’s swallowing. The first is a traditional barium swallow. During the X-ray, the patient is asked to swallow liquid barium. This allows the doctor to look for any changes in the structure of the oral cavity and throat and see if the fluid descends easily into the stomach. A modified barium swallow or videofluoroscopy may be used to assess difficulties with swallowing.
Computed tomography: It involves taking a photograph of the patient’s mouth from different angles. A computer combines these pictures into a detailed, 3D image that shows any abnormalities or tumors. A CT scan may be used to measure the size of the tumor, to help the doctor decide whether the tumor can be surgically removed, and to show whether the cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the neck or lower jawbone.
Can Oral Cancer Be Treated?
Oral cancer is a type of cancer that can be treated easily in early diagnosis. Oral cancer is one of the types of cancer that requires early diagnosis, as in all cancers. Thus, the chance of successful treatment will be higher. To give a percentage, the recovery rate of an oral cancer diagnosed at an early stage is 90% after treatment.
Oral Cancer Stages
Stage 0 Oral Cancer: Identifies abnormal cells in the lining of the lips or in the oral cavity that have the potential to become cancer.
Stage I Oral Cancer: The tumor is no more than 2 centimeters and the cancer has not reached the lymph nodes.
Stage II Oral Cancer: Describes a tumor larger than 2 centimeters but not more than 4 centimeters. Stage II cancer has not reached the lymph nodes.
Stage III Oral Cancer: Describes cancer that has spread to a lymph node larger than 4 centimeters or in the neck.
Stage IV Oral Cancer: It is the most advanced stage of oral cancer. It can be of any size, and has spread to surrounding tissues.
Oral Cancer Treatment
Oral cancer treatments are treatments that can contain many differences. Although surgery is sometimes preferred as the first treatment, radiotherapy or chemotherapy can be used in some cases. These treatment methods can be developed depending on the doctor’s preference. However, the same techniques are used in the treatment of many coral cancers. That’s why you can learn about all oral cancer treatments by reading treatments.
Oral Cancer Surgery
Glossectomy: It is the name of the surgery used to remove tongue cancers. For larger cancers, a more significant portion of the tongue may need to be removed.
Partial glossectomy: For smaller cancers, only part of the tongue may need to be removed. In this case, partial glossectomy is used for partial surgeries.
Mandibulectomy: It involves the removal of tumors close to the jawbone or in the jawbone. It may involve removing some or all of the jawbone. Mandibulectomy is a fairly common method for oral cancers that begin in the lower gums or floor of the mouth.
Marginal mandibulectomy: It involves removing only the cancerous area. There is no need for reconstructive surgery as most of the jaw is left behind.
Segmental mandibulectomy: It involves the removal of the entire jaw. After the procedure, the jaw needs to be restructured. For reconstruction, a new chin is made by removing the leg, back, arm or hip bone.
Maxillectomy: can be used to treat cancer of the oral cavity, nasal cavity, and maxillary sinuses. There are several types.
Medial maxillectomy: The part of the maxilla close to the nose is removed. This can be done using a one-percent incision or instruments through the nostril.
Infrastructure maxillectomy: Removes the hard palate, lower part of the maxilla, and teeth. It does not require removal of the orbital base.
Superstructure maxillectomy: The upper part of the maxilla and the orbital floor are removed.
Subtotal maxillectomy: Removes only part of the maxilla using one of the above procedures.
Total maxillectomy: It removes the entire maxilla on one side (unilateral), as well as the hard palate and orbital floor. After this surgery
probably will require prosthetic reconstructive surgery.
Radiotherapy in Oral Cancer Treatment
Radiotherapy in Oral Cancer Treatment First of all, patients should go through a detailed oral health check. Because after radio therapy, some problems will develop in the teeth and jawbone as a side effect.
To minimize these side effects, some procedures can be applied to your teeth or if there are teeth that need to be removed, they can be removed. Radiation therapy involves using high-energy rays such as X-rays and protons to kill cancer cells. As in many types of cancer, radiotherapy is used in the treatment of oral cancer.
It can be used before or after surgery in some cases, but it can also be used alone as the main treatment. On the other hand, there are cases where it is used with chemotherapy to be more effective. Although it will be more beneficial in these cases, the side effects will also be more.
A slightly flexible but sturdy knit head and neck mask can be made to keep your head, neck and shoulders in exactly the same position for each treatment. This can take quite a long time to prepare. On the other hand, some people may feel a little restrained while wearing this mask. This mask can be quite uncomfortable. For this, it may require medication or the mask can be adjusted so that it is not too constricting.
On the other hand, a bite block that you hold in your mouth during the treatment can also be worn. All these techniques will be determined in your communication with your doctor. Your doctor will do his best for both successful treatments and a comfortable treatment. Therefore, you should choose good doctors. In the continuation of the content, you can read the part about doctors in Turkey.
So you can make a decision about the location where you can get the best treatment. Because cancer treatments can be quite uncomfortable in some cases. For this reason, you need to get treatment from experienced doctors who can provide your comfort and successful treatment.
Side Effects of Radiotherapy
- Weakness and fatigue
- nausea and vomiting
- Hair loss
- skin rash
- dry skin
- skin peeling
- Dry mouth and difficulty swallowing
- mouth sores
- dry eye
- sexual disorder
- Difficulty urinating
- Lymphedema or secondary cancer formation
Chemotherapy in Oral Cancer Treatment
These are treatments that involve treating cancerous cells with drugs. It involves the introduction of various chemicals into the body along with different methods and drugs. Although most of the time they are given intravenously, in some cases they can also be taken orally. The drugs taken can treat every part of the body thanks to the blood circulation. Therefore, it is a very important treatment method.
On the other hand, it can be combined with Radiotherapy to be more effective, or it can be used before and after surgery. You can contact us for detailed information about chemotherapy, which can be used depending on the type and location of oral cancer. As Curebooking, we provide service to you for affordable and successful chemotherapy treatments.
Side Effects of Chemotherapy
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Hair loss
- Skin and Nail Problems
- Bowel Problems
- Intraoral Problems
- Blood and Coagulation System issues
- Nerve and Muscle Problems
- Sexual Life Issues
Oral Cancer Treatment in Turkey
Turkey is a very successful country in the field of health. For this reason, it is frequently preferred in cancer treatments as in many areas. Cancer treatments are provided very successfully and comfortably in Turkey. For this reason, it is one of the first places that many cancer patients prefer for treatment.
It is a country that can provide affordable and non-stop treatment as well as successful and comfortable treatments. You can read our content for detailed information about getting cancer treatment in Turkey, which provides many advantages. So you can have more information to get the best treatments.
There are several factors necessary for cancer treatments to be successful. It is possible to receive more successful cancer treatments in countries and clinics with these factors. These factors are known as;
- Being treated by Successful Doctors
- Use of Innovative Technology in Treatments
- No waiting time treatments
- Affordable Treatments
- Comfortable Treatments
- Hygienic Treatments
Cancer Treatment Without Waiting
One of the most important factors affecting success in cancer treatments is time. Waiting times, which have a great place in both treatments and cancer diagnoses, are factors that greatly affect cancer treatment. It is very important to detect and diagnose cancer at an early stage. In addition to its importance, cancer is a disease that can spread over time and become difficult to treat. Therefore, people should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible. When it comes to early treatment, unfortunately, even the most developed countries cannot meet this with success.
Therefore, patients prefer Turkey for successful treatments without downtime. Unlike other countries, you do not need to wait a day to receive cancer treatment in Turkey. This is a factor that greatly influences the success rate of treatments. In other countries, it is necessary to wait several months for the cancer to be clearly diagnosed, while you have to wait several months for the treatment of cancer to be planned and several months for the treatment to begin.
This, of course, is one of the factors that make treatment difficult. You can contact us to get rid of all these effects and get treatment without waiting. We are trying to give the best cancer treatments to my patients in the most comfortable way.
Cancer Treatment with Successful Surgeons
It should not be forgotten that the success of doctors in cancer treatments has a great impact. If you receive treatment from experienced and successful oncology doctors, you will get rid of the side effects of the treatments faster and you will be treated faster. For this reason, the doctors you will get treatment are very important. Most of the patients who prefer to be treated in Turkey prefer Turkey to receive treatment from successful surgeons. You can also get treatment from our successful surgeons and ask them to create the most suitable treatment plan for you.
The treatment plan is prepared specifically for the patient in Turkey and is designed so that the patient can be treated in the easiest way possible. You can also contact us to get the best treatments along with successful treatment plans. You can get successful treatments in the best hospitals of Turkey. Before the treatments, our surgeons in Turkey will ask you for all documents and test results, will check your entire health history, so that your entire treatment plan will be prepared by your doctor before you come to Turkey.
Use of Innovative Technology in Treatments
Although it is possible to use innovative treatments in cancer treatments, this is not possible in some cases. There are technological treatments that are only used in clinical trials. However, the person to be treated should still be treated in a technologically equipped clinic. While it should be less affected by the side effects of the treatments it will receive, it is also very important that the treatments can be given in a focused and targeted manner as desired.
There are many technologies developed to both get rid of side effects and give faster treatment. For this reason A country where technology is used in treatments should be chosen. Thanks to its extremely advanced technology in cancer treatments, Turkey has made it possible to both make treatments more successful and get rid of side effects faster. If you want to be treated with advanced technologies in Turkey, you can contact us.
Cancer treatments require very demanding and costly treatments. Although insurance covers most of the cancer treatments, the patient has to pay some of it. That’s why it’s important to get affordable treatments. Turkey is a country that prevents patients from paying large debts by offering very affordable treatments. You can avoid high-cost treatments by getting cancer treatment in Turkey.
Lip Cancer Survival Rate
|SEER Stage||5-Year Relative Survival Rate|
|All SEER stages combined||92%|
Tongue Cancer Survival Rate
|SEER Stage||5-Year Relative Survival Rate|
|All SEER stages combined||67%|
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