Larynx Cancer, also called laryngeal cancer, is a type of cancer that can develop due to many reasons. Although the cause of these types of cancer, which can sometimes occur due to some risk factors, is not clear, it is very important. You can read the content for detailed information about larynx cancer. So you can learn a lot about its treatment, causes and symptoms.
What Is Larynx Cancer?
Laryngeal Cancer is abnormal cell growths that develop in the larynx area. When these cells multiply and come together, a tumor forms in the larynx. These cells damage healthy cells and damage their DNA. This affects the health of the person. Therefore, its treatment is also very important.
Larynx Cancer Causes
Laryngeal cancer, like other types of cancer, is one of the types of cancer whose cause is unknown. As with any cancer, the exact cause is unknown, although there are risk factors. However, some risk factors are;
Laryngeal Cancer Risk Factors
- Tobacco use: It is a very important risk factor in laryngeal cancer, as it is in all types of cancer.
- Alcohol use: Another factor that greatly increases the risk of cancer is alcohol use.
- Gender: Men are 5 times more likely to develop laryngeal cancer than women.
- Age: People aged 65 and over are more at risk of developing this cancer.
- Race: Cancer of the larynx is more common in African-Americans and whites than in Latinos and Asians.
- Some inherited syndromes: People with certain inherited genetic conditions, such as Fanconi anemia and dyskeratosis congenita, are at increased risk for larynx cancer.
- Certain exposures: People who are exposed to things like sulfuric acid mist, nickel, wood dust, paint fumes, or asbestos have an increased risk of developing larynx cancer. Those working around these substances must comply with safety and working regulations. These include having adequate ventilation in the workplace and using industrial respirators.
Larynx Cancer Symptoms
Symptoms of laryngeal cancer are often underestimated and can be confused with simple diseases. However, these very important symptoms can help detect laryngeal cancer early. On the other hand, if you have the risk factors listed above, you should have regular checkups and make sure everything is okay. If you also have the risk factors listed above and have these symptoms, you should see a doctor immediately.
- Hoarseness or other voice changes
- Difficulty swallowing or other swallowing problems
- a lump or swelling in the neck
- prolonged cough
- a persistent sore larynx
- a persistent earache
- wheezing sound while breathing
Larynx Cancer Caused By Smoking
Some chemicals in cigarettes can damage the cells in the larynx. This can cause the cells to change. Abnormal changes in the cells in the larynx cause the proliferation of cancerous cells. If you smoke too, you should quit. Smoking not only increases the risk of laryngeal cancer, but also increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Larynx Cancer Staging
Laryngeal cancer is staged according to the exact location of the tumor relative to the vocal cords:
- supraglottis Cancer is above the vocal cords.
- glottis The cancer is in the vocal cord area and includes the wires.
- subglottis Cancer is below the vocal cords.
Cancer is only in the tissue layer that covers the inside of the larynx. It did not spread to any other tissue or lymph node.
The definition of stage 1 depends on where the cancer first started. At this stage, the cancer has not spread to any other part of the body.
- Supraglottis: Cancer has grown deeper than the lining layer, but only in a portion of the supraglottis. The vocal cords move normally.
- Glottis: Cancer has grown deeper than the lining layer, but only in the vocal cords. The vocal cords move normally.
- Subglottis: Cancer has grown deeper than the lining layer, but only in the subglottis.
At this stage, the cancer is only in the larynx. It has not spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body.
- supraglottis The cancer has deepened and spread to more than 1 part of the supraglottis. The vocal cords move normally.
- glottis Cancer has spread to the supraglottis, subglottis, or both. The vocal cords may not move normally.
- subglottis The cancer has spread to the vocal cords, which may or may not move normally.
At this stage, the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body and has had 1 or more of the following:
The cancer did not spread outside the larynx, but caused the vocal cord to stop moving. Cancer has spread to or near the inside of the thyroid cartilage. The cancer is in part 1 of the supraglottis and the vocal cords are functioning normally.
Cancer is in more than 1 area in the supraglottis. Cancer has spread to the base of the tongue or to tissues near the vocal cords. Cancer has spread to 1 lymph node on the same side of the neck as the main tumor. The lymph node is 3 cm or shorter. Cancer is in 1 or both vocal cords and the vocal cords are functioning normally.
Stage IVA. Cancer has not spread to organs in other parts of the body, and any of these:
Cancer has spread to tissues around the larynx, such as the thyroid gland, esophagus (tube that connects the mouth to the stomach), trachea (main windpipe), or tongue or neck muscles. It may also have grown from the thyroid cartilage. Lymph nodes do not contain cancer. Or there is cancer in only 1 node on the same side of the neck as the cancer and not more than 3 cm.
The cancer may or may not have spread to the tissues around the larynx and may or may not affect a vocal cord. It has spread to the lymph nodes in one of these ways:
The cancer has spread to 1 lymph node on the same side of the neck as the cancer, and the node is 3 to 6 cm in diameter. The cancer has spread to 2 or more lymph nodes on the same side of the neck as the cancer, and the nodes are smaller than 6 cm. The cancer has spread to at least 1 lymph node on the other side of the neck, and none of the nodes are more than 6 cm.
Cancer has not spread to organs in other parts of the body.
The cancer may or may not have spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes. It may or may not affect a vocal cord. It has spread to other parts of the body away from the larynx, such as the liver, lungs, or bones.
Larynx Cancer Treatment
There are some factors that are very important in the treatment of larynx cancer. These factors help determine the treatment of laryngeal cancer.
There may be differences in treatments due to reasons such as the size of the laryngeal cancer, the stage of the cancer and the age of the person.
However, let’s consider all the techniques used in the treatment of laryngeal cancer without considering any factors. You can get detailed information about treatments by continuing to read the content.
Larynx cancer Treatment with Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy involves giving high doses of radio radiation to the cancerous cells. The energy beams used during radiotherapy should be aimed exactly at your larynx. You will wear a plastic mask to keep your head in the correct position to ensure the rays are precisely directed.
Before the treatment begins, a mold of your face will be taken so that the mask can be made.
Radiotherapy is usually given on weekdays and treatment cannot be given on weekends to rest the patient.
The treatment process generally lasts between 3 and 7 weeks.
Radio therapy can kill cancerous cells as well as damage healthy cells. Therefore, patients should receive treatment with focused frames. This ensures that the rays reach only the targeted point during radiotherapy. Thus, the patient receives tgedavi without any harm.
Radiotherapy Side Effects
- mouth ulcer
- dry mouth
- taste loss
- loss of appetite
- feeling sick
Larynx Cancer Surgery
- endoscopic resection
- partial laryngectomy
- total laryngectomy
Endoscopic resection: It can be used in early stage laryngeal cancer.
During this treatment, it involves using a microscope to get a clearer view of the larynx. On the other hand, the cancer is removed with a laser or small surgical instrument.
Endoscopic Resection is a procedure performed under general anesthesia. You will be completely unconscious during the procedure. For this reason, it is a completely painless procedure. You are likely to experience a temporary pain in your larynx after this procedure. On the other hand, after this treatment, it is possible to experience a permanent voice change.
A partial laryngectomy can be used to treat some laryngeal cancers. The operation involves removing a part of the larynx that has been damaged by cancer.
It involves removing part of your vocal cords. Therefore, it is possible that you will experience permanent hoarseness.
You may experience breathing difficulties during this process. Your surgeon may need to make a temporary hole in your neck that will be attached to a breathing tube so you can breathe more easily. This is known as a temporary tracheostomy.
This operation, which includes the removal of your entire larynx, is a very extensive method. Sometimes it may involve the removal of surrounding tissues. For this reason, patients cannot be placed after the operation most of the time. But you don’t have to worry. There are ways you can learn to speak again.
After this operation, your Surgeon will need to make a permanent hole in your neck (called a stoma) to help you breathe after surgery.
Larynx cancer Treatment with Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy involves administering drugs to the body, which involves damaging cell DNA to stop cancerous cells from reproducing.
It can be used to shrink the tumor before surgery and to make surgery possible or easier.
After surgery, it is used to destroy tiny Cancer cells that are impossible to see with imaging techniques.
It can also be used to treat laryngeal cancer that has advanced or has come back after treatment.
Although chemotherapy has many uses, it is most often injected into the patient intravenously.
During the chemotherapy process, you may stay in the hospital for a few days or come to the hospital for a short time for each treatment.
Chemotherapy Side Effects
- feeling sick
- hair loss
- loss of appetite
- mouth ulcers
- weak immunity
Larynx Cancer Survival Rate
Best Treatment For Larynx
Unfortunately, there is no so-called best treatment for laryngeal cancer. Obtaining treatments from successful surgeons and receiving them in successful countries greatly affects the success rate of treatments. You can also consider getting treatment in a country like Turkey for successful treatments. Thus, the success rate of treatments is not limited to the country you live in. You can also seek treatment in other countries.
On the other hand, you should not forget that another factor affecting the success rate of the treatments is the treatments that do not have a waiting period. It is possible to receive treatments that you might expect to wait for a long time in many countries, without waiting even a day in Turkey. It is a factor that greatly affects the success rate of the treatment.
Larynx Cancer Treatment in Turkey
Turkey is one of the most successful countries that is frequently preferred in cancer treatments. It has been able to provide cancer treatment with very successful results, thanks to both its advanced technology treatments and the treatments it can provide without a waiting period. If we look at the advantages of getting
- Cancer treatment in Turkey
- Affordable Cancer Treatments
- Cancer Treatment Without Waiting Time
- Successful Cancer Treatments
Cancer Treatment Without Waiting Time
This factor, which is very important in cancer treatments, is very important for any cancer treatment. Cancer is a disease that can be treated if detected early. While the place of time is very important even in its diagnosis, its place in cancer treatments is more important. It is necessary for the patient to receive successful cancer treatment with the right treatment from my expectation.
Unfortunately, in most countries, it is impossible to get cancer treatment without waiting. Both the inadequacy of the specialist doctor and the fact that there are too many cancer patients cause patients to wait for a long time to receive treatment. This is quite a sufficient time for the disease to be staging and getting worse .
Successful Cancer Treatments
There are several characteristics that cancer treatments must have in order to be successful. One of them is Successful surgeons and another is advanced technology. Patients who want to get successful results in cancer treatments should seek treatment from experienced surgeons.
While many surgeons only give treatments based on clinical trials, experienced surgeons have seen that some impossible is possible and can try different treatment methods. This greatly affects the success rate of treatments. For such surgeons, you can choose Turkey. There are many successful surgeons in Turkey. These surgeons are highly experienced individuals who can provide successful treatments.
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