Stomach Cancer Treatment- Stage 4
Stomach cancer is an important type of cancer that requires treatment. You can continue reading our content for detailed information about this type of cancer, which requires successful cancer surgeries or treatments.
Stomach cancer is a very difficult type of cancer to treat. Most of the time, it can be diagnosed in the very late stages because it does not cause any symptoms. This explains the existence of stages that complicate the treatment of cancer. For successful treatment of stomach cancer, it must be diagnosed at an early stage and successfully treated by a surgeon. In order to find a successful surgeon in the treatment of stomach cancer, people can seek treatment in other countries.
These searches usually result in Turkey. For this reason, our content is about information about stomach cancer and treatment of stomach cancer in Turkey. If you want to receive stomach cancer treatment in Turkey, you can find detailed information about its success and advantages in our content.
What is Stomach Cancer?
Stomach cancer, just like other cancers, is caused by abnormal behavior of cells. Abnormal cell movements, deactivating healthy cells, come together and form tumors. The removal or treatment of these tumors also varies depending on some factors. For this reason, our content includes information about the symptoms and treatment of stomach cancer.
What Causes Stomach Cancer
The causes of stomach cancer are unknown. In other words, the reasons that cause a person to have stomach cancer cannot be clearly stated. Instead, there are risk factors that cause a person to get stomach cancer. These factors are factors that increase people’s risk of getting stomach cancer. On the other hand, people with a family history of stomach cancer have a much higher risk factor. These people must have routine check-ups.
Stomach Cancer Risk Factors
- gastroesophageal reflux disease
- A diet high in salty and smoked foods
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables
- family history of stomach cancer
- Long-term stomach inflammation (gastritis)
- To smoke
- stomach polyps
Stomach Cancer Stages
Stomach cancer consists of 4 stages. Stage 0 explains that there is an abnormal cell change but no cancer formation yet, while stage 4 explains that the cancer has spread to nearby tissues and organs. Of these staging from 0 to 4, the easiest to treat is stage 0, while the most difficult is 4.
|stage 1||Early or limited cancer||Tumours are found only in the stomach wall lining|
|stages 2-3||Locally advanced cancer||Tumours have spread deeper into the layers of the stomach and to nearby lymph nodes|
|stage 4||Metastatic or advanced cancer||Tumours have spread beyond the stomach to nearby lymph nodes or parts of the body, or to distant lymph nodes and parts of the body|
Signs Of Stomach Cancer
They can affect your digestion, such as:
- Heartburn or acid reflux
- Swallowing problems (dysphagia)
- Have flu
- Burping too much
- Quick feeling of fullness
- Other symptoms include:
- Weight loss without diet
- Feeling of lump in stomach
- Pain in the abdomen
- Feeling tired or lack of energy
Types of Stomach Cancer
The most common type of stomach cancer is adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma accounts for about 90 percent of all stomach cancer cases.
Adenocarcinoma is a type of cancer that originates from glandular tissue.
Adenocarcinoma of the stomach arises from the cells that make up the innermost layer of the stomach in mucus-producing cells called the mucosa.
Gastric lymphomas: Cancers of the immune system tissue found in the stomach. The immune system protects the body against infection and disease.
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: Also known as GIST, this type of stomach tumor is formed in the interstitial cells of Cajal. They are also often benign.
Carcinoid tumors: These stomach tumors are a rare, slow-growing type of cancer that originate from cells of the nervous system and endocrine system.
Stomach Cancer Diagnosis
Blood Test: Blood tests are tests that give information about whether there is any abnormality in the body. Along with these tests, an unusual amount of substance may be a sign of a disease. Therefore, if a patient suspects stomach cancer, the doctor will first ask for blood. Thus, it will be understood whether other tests are needed.
Upper endoscopy: In case of any abnormality in the blood test, along with other symptoms, the doctor will probably opt for this procedure if he suspects a stomach problem; It involves looking inside the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine. An endoscope is passed from the mouth and throat to the esophagus so that the light camera at the end of the endoscope will be reflected to the monitor and it will be understood whether there is a problem.
Barium swallow: It involves taking X-rays of the esophagus and stomach. The patient is given a liquid containing barium. The liquid covers the esophagus and stomach, and then X-rays are taken.
CT scan: This procedure is also known as computed tomography. It involves taking pictures of the stomach from different angles. This may involve injecting dye into the vein to diagnose stomach cancer, so that the stomach can be seen better.
Biopsy: The presence of signs of cancer in the stomach requires biopsy for definitive information. This procedure, which includes examining the cells found in the stomach under the microscope, is done by the endoscopy method and includes;
How many HER2 genes are there?
How much HER2 protein is made?
If there are more HER2 genes or higher HER2 protein levels than normal, the cancer is called HER2 positive.
Is Stomach Cancer Curable?
Many cases of stomach cancer are not completely curable, but it is still possible to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life using chemotherapy and, in some cases, radiotherapy and surgery.
Surgery to remove part or all of the stomach is known as gastrectomy. These surgeries can get rid of cancer completely. However, after these operations, you will have to make some changes in your life. You will need to reduce your positions and follow a diet program.
On the other hand, the treatments you will receive from successful surgeons may result in better results. For this reason, it would be correct to consult with another surgeon before deciding on a treatment.
Chemotherapy or radiotherapy is also one of the treatment options. These treatments are also before the operation; to shrink the cancer cell and facilitate its removal
after the operation; It can be used to clear remaining cancer cells or as a main treatment. You can continue reading our content to get more detailed information about these treatments.
Stomach Cancer Treatment
Gastric cancer treatment differs according to its stages. While chemotherapy or radiotherapy can be used in some stages, surgery is possible in some stages. You can continue reading our content for detailed information about the treatment of gastric cancer according to its stages.
Stage 0 Stomach Cancer Treatment
- Surgery (total or subtotal gastrectomy)
- Endoscopic mucosal resection
Total Gastrectomy: It involves the complete removal of the stomach. Thus, it is possible to remove the entire cancer. This method, which can be used in cancer types diagnosed in the early stages, can be combined with other treatments in some cases.
Subtotal gastrectomy: It involves removing part of the stomach. It is possible that the cancer cannot be completely removed. It is not often used as the main treatment. Instead, it is a treatment offered to relieve pain and bleeding.
Endoscopic mucosal resection: With the edoscopy method, the procedure can be performed with a tube extending from the patient’s mouth to the stomach. In order to remove the cancerous tissue in the stomach, scraping is performed on that area. After scraping the area with cancerous cells, a special liquid is injected under the tissue. For this, a needle is passed through the endoscope. The purpose of this process is the embossing process. It helps to separate the cancerous tissue from the other layers. With this process, the tissue whose borders become clearer cannot be easily removed.
Dumping syndrome: It is the inability of the small intestine to digest large amounts of food at the same time. If this happens, you are likely to experience vomiting, nausea or cramping. This often begins a few hours after a meal;
If you feel sick a few hours after eating, your blood sugar may be rising and falling too quickly. It’s common to sweat, have a fast heartbeat, or feel tired or confused.
Changing your eating plan can help you manage these symptoms. After gastric surgery, you should get used to this version for 3-6 months. Then many side effects will pass.
Stage 1 stomach cancer Treatment
Endoscopic mucosal resection
total gastrectomy: It involves removing the entire stomach.
subtotal gastrectomy: It involves removing part of the stomach.
Endoscopic mucosal resection: It includes the removal of the tumor with cancer in the stomach. This is done by the endecopic method.
Chemoradiotherapy treatment: It includes the simultaneous administration of radiation and chemorerapin after surgery. This is to destroy any invisible cancerous cells in the environment.
Stage 2 stomach cancer Treatment – Stage 3 stomach cancer Treatment
Surgery: Surgery involves removing part or all of the stomach. However, after the surgery performed at this stage, additional treatments are often needed.
Chemoradiation: It involves giving chemotherapy and radiation therapy after surgery. This is to destroy small cancer cells that cannot be seen with imaging techniques.
Chemotherapy: Drug therapy is a treatment given after surgery.
Stage 4 Stomach Cancer Treatment
Unfortunately, it is not possible to cure cancer at these stages. For this reason, palliative treatments can be given to alleviate pain and prolong the patient’s life a little longer. These treatments include:
Chemotherapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.
Targeted therapy with monoclonal antibody with or without chemotherapy.
Immunotherapy with pembrolizumab.
Endoluminal laser therapy or endoluminal stent placement to relieve a blockage in the stomach or gastrojejunostomy to bypass the obstruction.
Radiation therapy as palliative therapy to stop bleeding, reduce pain, or shrink a tumor blocking the stomach.
Surgery as palliative therapy to shrink a tumor blocking the stomach or to stop bleeding.
Stomach Cancer Treatment in Turkey
What were the factors that enabled Turkey, a country that is frequently preferred in cancer treatments, to be successful in xr treatments?
Turkey is a very successful country in cancer treatments. It is one of the first choice countries for many cancer patients in recent years. What makes Turkey different from other countries?
First of all, it is necessary to examine the factors that are very important in cancer treatments. In cancer treatments, the clinic providing the treatment must have highly technological equipment. This is very important to reduce the side effects of techniques such as radiotherapy used in cancer treatments and to provide a more focused treatment.
On the other hand, the patient who needs surgery in cancer treatments should also receive a successful surgical treatment. These treatments will greatly increase the person’s treatment success rate. Finally, although we will examine all of these under a heading in the continuation of the content, another reason why Turkey is frequently preferred in cancer treatments is the treatment without waiting. The disease, which has to wait for a long time in many countries, can be treated in Turkey without waiting even a day. Cancer Treatment in Turkey includes;
- Successful Oncology Doctors
- Cancer Treatment Without Waiting
- Cancer Treatment with Innovative Technology
Successful Oncology Doctors
Successful surgeons, which are a very important factor in successful cancer treatments, are people you can easily find in Turkey. Treatments performed by experienced and successful surgeons have a higher success rate. For this reason, the person should make a very good decision in cancer treatments and get treatment from experienced surgeons. The ease of access to specialist surgeons in Turkey ensures that this factor can be easily met. Therefore, getting cancer treatment in Turkey will greatly increase your success rate. The ease of reaching a specialist doctor will allow you to easily share all your fears with our doctor during cancer treatment.
Cancer Treatment Without Waiting
Cancer is a disease that can become more and more damaging with each passing second. The time required for both initial diagnosis and treatment is very important. After the diagnosis of cancer disease, the period in which treatment should be started should be quite early. Even though we can get treatment without waiting for a few days, Cancer treatments can greatly affect the result.
For this reason, the patient should choose the best treatment for himself. For this, he should receive treatments that do not have a waiting period. Otherwise, it is possible to result in very bad treatments. On the other hand, the patient has to travel to a different country for treatments that do not have a waiting period.
Cancer Treatment with Innovative Technology
In cancer treatments, there are cases where innovative treatments can be used apart from traditional treatment methods. These methods can be used most of the time when there is sufficient technological equipment. Therefore, this title is actually for technological competence. In short, medical technological equipment should be in good condition in the country you will choose.
The reason for this is that it is important to reduce the side effects caused by the treatment, together with some methods used during the treatment. If you are considering treatment in Turkey, do not forget that the treatments you will receive will result in the least side effects. Focusing technology is used in these treatments, which can be quite harmful, especially radiotherapy. In this way, the rays given only to the cancerous cells cannot harm the healthy cells of the patient.
Stomach Cancer Survival Rate
|SEER stage||5-year relative survival rate|
|All SEER stages combined||32%|
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