What is gastric sleeve surgery?
Gastric Sleeve involves shrinking the stomach of patients in the shape of a banana. In the gastric sleeve treatment, the stomach of the hat is reduced by 80%. In addition, the patient feels less hungry than before, as the part that secretes the ghrelin hormone, that is, the hunger hormone, will be removed from the patient’s stomach. In addition, since the stomach will shrink, the patient will be able to reach a feeling of fullness by eating less.
What does a gastric sleeve do?
You may easily limit the amount of food you can eat at one time by making your stomach smaller. You get fuller more quickly as a result. Additionally, it limits how much hunger-inducing hormones your stomach can create. This reduces hunger and cravings and can help fend off the temptations that lead people to put on weight after losing it. It is a highly favored method as a result.
How common is gastric sleeve surgery?
The most popular weight loss procedure worldwide is a sleeve gastrectomy. In the USA, sleeve gastrectomy procedures account for more than half of all annual bariatric surgery. Around 150,000 sleeve gastrectomy procedures are carried out globally and 380,000 in the United States each year. This treatment, which has produced very positive outcomes, tries to transform the lives of obese people from the outset. The gastric sleeve procedure might also produce incredibly effective outcomes.
What medical conditions does gastric sleeve surgery help treat?
Obesity is not just the state of being overweight. It also causes many diseases. For this reason, sleeve gastrectomy surgery is a surgical treatment for obesity and obesity-related medical conditions. It is only offered to qualified individuals who have serious obesity-related medical conditions or are at high risk of developing them. Gastric sleeve surgery can cure and sometimes eliminate diseases, including:
- Insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes.
- Hypertension and hypertensive heart disease.
- Hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol) and arterial disease.
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and steatohepatitis.
- Obesity hypoventilation syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea.
- Joint pain and osteoarthritis.
Is the gastric sleeve safe?
The hazards of obesity and the diseases it is associated with are much greater than the risks of having gastric sleeve surgery. Also, it has less complications than other common procedures like hip replacement and gallbladder surgery. The majority of gastric sleeve operations are carried out using minimally invasive surgical methods, which results in less discomfort from incisions and a quicker recovery.
Am I Suitable for gastric sleeve surgery?
The general requirements to qualify are:
If you have severe obesity, you are suitable for surgery. Therefore, your body mass should be at least 40. Or you must have type 2 diabetes due to obesity. In addition, if you have problems such as sleep apnea, your body mass index of 35 will be sweaty.
What happens before gastric sleeve surgery?
The next phase is a two-week liquid diet if you qualify for bariatric sleeve surgery after passing your health exam. You will be given detailed instructions to follow by your surgeon. In order to make the procedure safer, it is intended to shed part of the belly and liver fat.
Before your procedure, you won’t be allowed to eat or drink anything for 12 hours. This is to ensure that your stomach is empty when the treatment begins. Eating food or drink in your stomach while undergoing surgery may have unfavorable or even harmful side effects.
How is gastric sleeve surgery performed?
A sleeve gastrectomy is typically performed via laparoscopic or robotic surgery. This means that your surgeon will do the procedure through minor incisions rather than making a major incision (or cut) to open your abdominal cavity and gain access to your organs. Although this facilitates faster recovery, certain patients may benefit more from open surgery, depending on their conditions.
What happens during gastric sleeve surgery?
- Your surgeon will give you general anesthesia, so you’ll be asleep during the procedure.
- Your surgeon will make a small cut in your abdomen (about 1/2 inch long) and insert a port. They’ll pump carbon dioxide gas through the port to expand your abdomen.
- Then they’ll place a small lighted video camera (laparoscope) through the port. The camera will project your insides onto a screen.
- Through one to three additional incisions, your surgeon will insert additional ports and complete the procedure using long, narrow tools.
- They will measure out the gastric sleeve, then divide and separate the remainder of your stomach using a surgical stapler.
- Your surgeon will remove the remainder of the stomach, then close your incisions.
How long does gastric sleeve surgery take?
A sleeve gastrectomy is a reasonably quick and straightforward procedure when compared to other weight loss surgical techniques. Between 60 and 90 minutes pass. Your surgeon could still recommend that you spend the next one to two days in the hospital. These can then assist in controlling your pain as well as any short-term after effects of surgery, such as nausea.
What happens after gastric sleeve surgery?
In the coming weeks and months, you’ll visit your healthcare practitioner frequently for checkups. They’ll keep tabs on how much weight you’re losing, any underlying medical issues, and any negative surgical side effects. In order to sustain your health and weight loss, they’ll also want to know that you’re taking good care of yourself and adhering to the appropriate lifestyle rules.
Will I have to follow a diet after gastric sleeve surgery?
To ensure that your stomach heals properly in the near future, you must adhere to stringent food restrictions. You might start eating more normally after a few months, but you’ll still need to make informed dietary choices. You’ll need to make sure that what you do eat is nutritious enough to meet your energy demands because you won’t be able to consume as much as you used to. Soon after surgery, you’ll start taking vitamins, and you’ll need to do so indefinitely.
What are the advantages of this procedure?
The gastric sleeve procedure is less complicated, quicker, and safer than other bariatric surgery procedures. A sleeve gastrectomy is frequently tolerated by patients with medical issues that could preclude them from undergoing a longer treatment. The procedure is also considerably less likely to result in long-term nutritional issues because it doesn’t reorganize your intestines.
Gastric sleeve surgery still provides good weight loss and health advantages, even though the average weight loss is a little less than with more advanced weight loss procedures. The duodenal switch is a two-step bariatric surgery that started with this procedure. After numerous patients discovered that they didn’t need to finish the second half, surgeons began providing it as a stand-alone treatment.
What are the possible risks or complications of gastric sleeve surgery?
Most of the time, there are no risks in gastric sleeve surgery. Pain and nausea are experienced only after the surgery. However, in some cases, it is possible to experience risks such as bleeding and infection.
What is the recovery time from gastric sleeve surgery?
Before you expect to feel completely better or be able to resume working at your full ability, give yourself at least a month. Many people experience fatigue or exhaustion during this time as their bodies attempt to recuperate while adjusting to the calorie restriction. You will only be able to handle a liquid diet during the first few weeks. You will eventually transition to a soft diet and then solid foods.
How much weight will you lose with the gastric sleeve?
In the first one to two years, you could expect to lose 25% to 30% of your body weight on average. This implies that if you were 300 pounds before surgery, you would drop 100 pounds. Depending on the lifestyle behaviors you choose following surgery, you can lose more or less weight. Some people do gain some weight back, but over the course of five years, the average weight loss of 25% to 30% of your body weight remains stable.
What if it doesn’t work?
Some people do recover the weight they lose even though it is uncommon. They might revert to their previous behaviors, or over time, their stomach might expand once more. You might think about having gastric sleeve revision surgery if this occurs to you. Your doctor might perform a gastric bypass or duodenal switch in place of the original gastric sleeve if they believe they can get better outcomes.