Cervical cancer is a very risky type of cancer that can be seen in women. Although treatments for these types of cancer are possible, early diagnosis is very important. On the other hand, you can read our content for detailed information about screenings, treatments and survival rates.
What Is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is abnormal cell changes that can start anywhere in the cervix. These changes often begin due to viruses called HPV. As a result of the changes, it gives some symptoms in women. In some cases, it is noticed quite late. Symptoms can be ignored or confused with female cycles. Therefore, it carries risks that need to be taken very carefully.
Cervical Cancer Symptoms
- Ordinary external vaginal bleeding (this pain may occur during or after intercourse, during menopause or between menstrual cycles. Apart from this, excessive menstrual bleeding is among these symptoms.)
- Changes in your vaginal discharge
- Pain during sex
- Pain in the lower back, hip bones, or lower abdomen
Cervical Cancer Stages
Stage 0: Abnormal cells in the innermost layer of the cervix.
Stage I: Invasive carcinoma limited to the cervix.
Stage II: Regional spread of cancer beyond the uterus rather than to the pelvic side wall or lower third of the vagina.
Stage III: Non-functioning kidney due to cancerous spread to the pelvic side wall or lower third of the vagina and/or hydronephrosis or invasion of the ureter.
Stage IV: Cancerous spread beyond the true pelvis or to the mucosa of the bladder or rectum
Cervical Cancer Causes
Cervical Cancer is a type of cancer that can be found in women. There is a feature that distinguishes this type of cancer from others. Although the cause of many types of cancer is unknown, certain types of HPV cause this type of cancer. This virus, which causes infection in the cervix, causes changes in the growth of cells. Changes in cells turn into cancer. There is a special test to prevent this virus from turning into cancer. Women should have these tests done at regular intervals and make sure that everything is going well.
Cervical Cancer Risk Factors
The risk factor for cervical cancer is the higher incidence of cancer in these conditions. These situations are divided into two as modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors;
Modifiable Risk Factors;
HPV infection: This sexually transmitted virus is one of the main factors that cause cervical cancer in women. You can get this importance by reading the section about this HPV virus vaccine mentioned at the beginning of our content.
Sexual history: Being with people with an unhealthy sexual history or having multiple partners increases these risks.
Chlamydia infection: This is a type of bacteria that can also cause infertility and has no symptoms. People with this bacterium have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
Long-term use of birth control pills: Studies show that long-term use of birth control pills increases the risk of cervical cancer.
Unchangeable Risk Factors:
Diethylstilbestrol: A hormonal drug given to some women between 1938 and 1971 to prevent miscarriages. It is said that the incidence of cancer is higher in girls who take this drug. However, there is no evidence of it.
Having a family history of Cervical Cancer; A person with a family history of Cervical cancer has a higher risk of developing this cancer than the risk of not getting it.
Cervical Cancer Screening
Cervical Cancer screening involves testing the health of the cervix. This test, which is very important in the early diagnosis of cancer, helps to diagnose the symptoms before the formation of Cancer. For this reason, it is important for every woman to have this test at regular intervals. Cervical cancer most often occurs in women under the age of 45. The test of this cancer, which is mostly seen in young people,
All women aged 25-64 should have it done.
- A small sample of cells is taken from your cervix.
- It is checked for risky HPV types that can cause changes in cervical cells.
- If high-risk HPV is not found, no further testing is required.
- If risky HPV is found, it is checked whether there are any changes in the cervical cells. These viruses are treated before they turn into cervical cancer. Thus, cancer is prevented.
Cervical Cancer Vaccine (HPV Vaccine)
The HPV vaccine is a vaccine that significantly reduces the risk of developing cervical cancer. Getting the HPV vaccine until the age of 9 at the earliest and by the age of 15 at the latest plays a major role in preventing sexually transmitted diseases. On the other hand, these vaccines, which can be preferred even if they are over the age of 15, can be taken up to the age of 26. These vaccines, which are very effective in children when 2 doses are taken with 6 months intervals, can be administered from 9 to 26 years of age.
The adequacy of the vaccines is 3 doses in people older than 15 years. However, the best time for vaccination is between the ages of 11-13. These vaccines, which can be applied to both girls and boys, prevent many sexually transmitted diseases. HPV vaccination for men, on the other hand, minimizes the risk of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases to girls, while reducing the risk of head and neck cancer types.
Cervical Cancer Diagnosis
To diagnose cervical cancer, your doctor will need to perform a detailed examination. He or she will take tissue samples from the cervical area. On the other hand, he will probably continue the examination with a large magnifying glass. On the other hand, Inspection includes;
- Staple biopsy for clamping cervical tissue samples.
- endocervical abortion.
- If you are afraid of these examinations, the following techniques can be used;
- Ring of electrical wire to obtain a small tissue sample. This is usually done under local anesthesia.
- Cone biopsy (conization). It is usually done under general anesthesia.
Can Cervical Cancer Be Cured?
As with all types of cancer, cervical cancer can be easily treated if detected early. However, there are some important factors in treatment. Such as the duration of treatment, the duration of diagnosis, the application of successful techniques. For this reason, most people prefer countries that are successful and have no waiting period for their treatment.
The concept of time, which is very important in cancer treatment, greatly affects the functioning of the treatment in some countries. Early diagnosis is as important as early treatment in cancer treatments. However, this factor does not progress successfully in many countries. Sometimes an insufficient number of specialists and sometimes too many patients can cause cancer patients to wait for months.
This causes patients to be treated in different countries. You can continue reading the content for detailed information about cancer treatments in Turkey, which is one of the best countries to provide treatment without waiting in cancer treatments. You can get information about the treatments listed below. On the other hand, you can read why cancer patients are treated in Turkey and the advantages of being treated in Turkey.
Cervical Cancer Treatment
Cervical cancer is a curable type of cancer. The type of treatment you receive will depend on the following;
- The extent of cervical cancer you have
- The type of cervical cancer you have
- The location of the cancer in the cervix
- Whether it has metastasized or not
- Your General Health
The methods that can be used in the treatment of cervical cancer include:
- Avastin (targeted Medicine therapy)
Cervical Cancer Surgery
removing part of the cervix (This is possible if the cancer is very small.)
cervix and upper part of the vagina (the uterus cannot be damaged, it is possible to get pregnant in the future.)
hysterectomy (the cervix and uterus are removed. In some cases, it may involve removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes)
Removal of all or part of the cervix, uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes and bladder, bowel, vagina or rectum. (if the cancer has come back and no other treatment is possible.)
Cervical Cancer Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is drug therapy used to slow or completely stop the growth of cancer. Most of the time, together with intravenous drugs, the drug reaches normal cells through the patient’s blood circulation, attacks cancerous cells and helps the treatment of cancer. It can be used in cancer treatment in the following cases;
- Radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be used as the main treatment for cervical cancer.
- Chemotherapy may be administered before surgery to shrink the cancer.
- After surgery, chemotherapy may be used along with radiotherapy to prevent the cancer from coming back.
- Chemotherapy may be used if the cancer has advanced, has come back, or has spread to other parts of your body.
Cervical Cancer Radiotherapy
It means X-rays used to kill cancer cells. Radiotherapy is a very common treatment method in cancer treatment. These treatments can be used in cancer as follows;
- As part of the main treatment.
- Radiation after surgery
- To treat cervical cancer that has spread or has come back after treatment
- Radiation therapy can be used to treat cervical cancers that have spread to other organs and tissues.
Brachytherapy Cervical Cancer
It involves applying radiation to or near the cancer. This type of radiotherapy is often used to treat cervical cancer. The most commonly used type of brachytherapy to treat cervical cancer is intracavitary brachytherapy.
There are two types of brachytherapy:
Low dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy is a treatment for several days. During this time, the patient stays in bed in a special room in the hospital with instruments that hold the radioactive material in place. The treatment proceeds in this way. There are personnel who take care of the patient. The personnel wear special clothes in order not to be affected by radiation.
High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is done over several treatments as an outpatient. It is usually done at 1 week intervals. It does not require any pain or restriction of movement, so it is a highly preferred method.
Metastatic Cervical Cancer
It includes metastasized cervical cancer, spreading to tissues and organs outside the cervix. This situation emerges in the last stages of kanser. With the difficulty of treatment, in some cases, treatment is not possible. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy or other techniques can be used in a metastatic cervical cancer. However, the use of these techniques is to slow the progression of the disease.
In cases where surgery is required, all cancer tissues that can be removed from the area of metastasis are removed and radiotherapy or chemotherapy is continued. Everything that can be done for the slowest progression of the disease is applied.
Cervical Cancer Treatment in Turkey
Turkey is a very successful country in the field of health. Thanks to the equipment of the hospitals in Turkey and the cost-effective treatments, many cancer patients have been successfully treated. In addition to the many advantages of cancer treatment in Turkey, there are also reasons why it is the first choice of patients.
While looking for successful countries, cancer patients often encounter treatments in Turkey. The most advantageous factor for patients in Turkey is the absence of a waiting period. You can find detailed information about these advantages in the continuation of the content. Turkey is a highly successful cancer treatment center with its successful hospitals, experienced Oncology surgeons, advanced medical technology and cost-effective treatments.
Cancer Treatment Center of Turkey
As it is known, Turkey has made a name for itself with its very successful treatments in recent years. With the further development of successful treatment areas, the success rate of receiving cancer treatment is quite high in this country, which has also shown success in cancer treatments. Technological equipment, successful surgeons and prompt treatments make it very important to be treated in Turkey.
As is known, cancer treatments are very important. Time is also very important in cancer treatments. Unfortunately, some countries require long waiting times to treat such a disease. In such cases, the first choice of patients is usually Turkey.
So why do people prefer Turkey? Does cancer treatment in Turkey really lead to success? What is the secret of success in treatments applied in Turkey? You can continue reading our content for answers to all these questions. Like other patients, you can return to your Country with successful treatments in Turkey.
Successful Cervical Cancer Treatments
There are some factors required for successful cervical cancer treatment. Unfortunately, these factors are not available in some countries. For this reason, it is necessary for patients to seek cancer treatment in different countries. These factors are as follows;
- There must be Experienced Oncology Surgeons in the Country
- Number of Specialist Doctors in the Country Should Be Sufficient
- The country’s medical technology equipment should be high
- Affordable Cancer Treatments Should Be Provided
- There should be no waiting periods.
Successful Oncology Doctors
Among these factors, one of the factors that patients should pay attention to should be successful oncology doctors. The presence of successful oncology doctors in the country that the patient will prefer will increase the treatment success rate. If the doctor is experienced in his field and has treated many patients, he will be able to decide more easily which treatment is more suitable for you.
Otherwise, if the wrong treatments are applied, your treatment period will be extended. It will even fail. For this reason, you should pay attention to the experience of the doctor you will get Treatment . If you are considering getting treatment in Turkey, of course, do not forget that there are many successful oncology doctors.
However, you will have to choose one of these doctors, and in this case, as Curebooking, we are here to help you. We work together with of the most successful oncology doctors in Turkey. If you choose us, remember that we will be together to defeat this disease.
New Cancer Treatments
It is very important that the country where you will be treated has technological equipment. For example, in countries such as Poland, the health system is quite unsuccessful. Therefore, patients have to travel to different countries for treatment. Having sufficient technological equipment in the technological devices used in the field of cancer will increase the success rate of the treatment as well as increase the speed.
Turkey is quite successful in this regard. Thanks to the many equipment available in the hospitals it owns, the most appropriate treatment can be decided for the person. On the other hand, technological equipment is still important if the patient wants to try a new treatment. You should choose a country that can administer a new treatment based on the patient’s preference.
Affordable Cancer Treatments
Cancer treatments are often long and costly treatments. For this reason, most patients may decide to seek treatment in another country. This is quite normal. You can imagine how costly a long treatment can be. Even if the insurance covers these costs, if you are treated in public hospitals, it does.
If public hospitals in your country do not have sufficient equipment, you will have to prefer private clinics. This supports the right decision to seek treatment in a different country. Turkey is also the country preferred by patients seeking affordable treatment. Being treated in Turkey is cheaper than many other countries in the world. Are you wondering why?
The cost of living in Turkey is relatively cheap. This makes it possible to receive treatment without putting too much price difference on top of the treatments. On the other hand, the high exchange rate in Turkey ensures that the purchasing power of foreign patients is quite high. In this case, people can receive treatment at very affordable prices. At the same time, the fact that it is easy to reach a specialist doctor ensures that the prices are affordable.
Cancer Treatment Without Waiting
Another important feature in cancer treatments is waiting times. In many countries, there are waiting periods in cancer treatments due to various reasons. These periods are long enough to cause the cancer to progress. For this reason, the Patients must have made a good decision to receive treatment in different countries. You know how important time is in cancer treatments.
Unfortunately, in some countries this does not progress as it should, and after the diagnosis of the patient, a few months are given to plan the treatment and a few more months to start the treatment. These periods are more than enough for the disease to progress. This situation, which explains why Turkey is the first choice of patients receiving treatment in Turkey, includes;
The number of successful surgeons is high in Turkey and there are enough doctors for the patients and the doctors can take care of the patients adequately. In this case, it enables patients to receive treatment without waiting.
Cervical Cancer Survival Rate
|Cancer Stages||Cervical Cancer Survival Rate|
|Stage 0 – Stage 1||%95|
Cervical Cancer Prognosis
Although statistical rates on women with cervical cancer vary from person to person, to give an average figure, the survival rate for the period 5 years after the cancer diagnosis is 66%. The number of people who die each year due to cervical cancer is lower than in the previous year. As a result of the researches, a 50% decrease was observed in the death rates from 19701 to 2000.
The most common age of cervical cancer is between 35-44 years of age. To give an exact age, it is most often diagnosed at the age of 50. In addition to the reasons for catching this cancer, the reason for its late diagnosis is female patients who did not undergo screening. Having cervical cancer screening regularly is of great importance in the early diagnosis of this cancer.
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