Kodi Kupulumuka kwa Khansa Yam'mapapo ndi Chiyani? Chithandizo cha Khansa ya M'mapapo ku Turkey

Kodi Khansa Yam'mapapo Ndi Chiyani?

Khansara ya m'mapapo imachitika pamene maselo a m'mapapo amakula mofulumira komanso mopanda malire kuposa momwe amachitira. Maselo amenewa amapanga unyinji pochulukana m’dera limene ali. Kuchuluka kumeneku, pakapita nthawi, kumafalikira kumagulu ozungulira kapena ziwalo ndikuyamba kuwononga ziwalo zomwe zimafalikira. Khansara ya m'mapapo ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yofala kwambiri ya khansa yomwe ingayambitse imfa.

Zizindikiro za Khansa Yam'mapapo

Zizindikiro zoyambirira zingaphatikizepo:

  • chifuwa chopitirira kapena chowonjezereka
  • kulavula phlegm kapena magazi
  • kupweteka pachifuwa komwe kumakula kwambiri mukapuma kwambiri, kuseka, kapena chifuwa
  • ukali
  • kupuma movutikira
  • kung'ung'udza
  • kufooka ndi kutopa
  • kusowa kwa njala ndi kuonda

Nthawi yomweyo, zotupa zomwe zili kumtunda kwa mapapo zimatha kukhudza mitsempha ya nkhope. Izi, nazonso, zingayambitse chikope chogwa, mwana wamng'ono, kapena kusowa thukuta kumbali imodzi ya nkhope.
Zotupa zimatha kukakamiza chotengera chachikulu chomwe chimanyamula magazi pakati pa mutu, mikono, ndi mtima. Izi zingayambitse kutupa kwa nkhope, khosi, chifuwa chapamwamba ndi mikono.

Mitundu ndi Magawo a Khansa Yam'mapapo

Pali makamaka mitundu iwiri ya mavairasi achigawenga. Amagawidwa m'maselo ang'onoang'ono komanso osakhala ang'onoang'ono. Mtundu wodziwika kwambiri ndi khansa ya m'mapapo yosakhala yaying'ono.
Dokotala adzayezetsa kuti adziwe bwino za khansayo.
Izi zidzathandizanso kudziwa ndondomeko ya chithandizo. Ngakhale kuti matenda ndi zizindikiro za mitundu iwiriyi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zofanana, pali kusiyana kwa masitepe awo.

Selo yaying'ono: Mtundu uwu umakula ndikufalikira mofulumira. Akapezeka, nthawi zambiri amafalikira ku minofu ndi ziwalo zambiri

Maselo Osakhala Aang'ono: .Mtunduwu suli waukali ndipo sungathe kufalikira mwachangu. Wodwalayo sangafunikire chithandizo chamsanga.

Magawo a khansa ya m'mapapo yosakhala yaying'ono ndi motere:

  • Gawo 1: Sanafalikire kupyola mapapo. Amapezeka m’mapapo okha.
  • Gawo 2: Ma cell a khansa amapezeka m'mapapo ndi ma lymph node oyandikana nawo.
  • Gawo 3: Khansa imapezeka m'mapapo ndi ma lymph nodes pakati pa chifuwa.
  • Gawo 3A: Khansara imapezeka mu ma lymph nodes ndi mbali ya chifuwa pamene khansa imayamba kukula.
  • Gawo 3B: Khansara yafalikira ku ma lymph nodes kumbali ina ya chifuwa kapena ku ma lymph nodes pamwamba pa kolala.
  • Gawo 4: Khansara yafalikira ku mapapo onse, malo ozungulira mapapo, kapena ziwalo zina zathupi.

Magawo a khansa ya m'mapapo ang'onoang'ono ndi awa:

  • Gawo Loyambirira: Matenda omwe khansa imangokhala pachifuwa ndipo imapezeka m'mapapo amodzi ndi ma lymph nodes oyandikana nawo.
  • Late Stage: Chotupacho chafalikira ku ziwalo zina za thupi ndi mapapo ena awiri.

Mayeso Ozindikira Khansa Yam'mapapo

Mayeso ojambulira: Chithunzi cha X-ray cha mapapu anu chikhoza kuwonetsa kulemera kwachilendo kapena nodule. Kapena dokotala wanu akhoza kuitanitsa CT scan kuti azindikire zilonda zazing'ono m'mapapu anu zomwe sizingawoneke pa X-ray.
Cytology ya sputum: Ngati mutsokomola sputum. Izi zitha kuyesedwa. Choncho, zikhoza kumveka ngati m'mapapo mwanu muli chotupa.
Biopsy: Chitsanzo cha selo lachilendo likhoza kutengedwa. Izi zimakupatsani mwayi wodziwa zambiri za cell.

Bronchoscopy: Malo osachiritsika a m'mapapo anu angathe kuunika mwa kulowa m'mapapo anu kudzera pa mmero wanu pogwiritsa ntchito chubu chowala. Biopsy ikhoza kuchitika.

Kupulumuka kwa khansa ya m'mapapo

  • Kupulumuka kwazaka zisanu kwa khansa ya m'mapapo (18.6%)
  • Akapezeka pa magawo 1 ndi 2, odwala amakhala ndi mwayi wokhala ndi moyo 56%.
  • Ngati ipezeka mochedwa, Khansa imatha kufalikira ku minofu ndi ziwalo zambiri. Pachifukwa ichi, odwala oposa theka amamwalira mkati mwa chaka chimodzi atawazindikira.

Kuchiza Khansa Yam'mimba

Chithandizo cha khansa ya m'mapapo chimaphatikizapo kusiyana kwa mitundu iwiri ya khansa. Chithandizo cha maselo a khansa omwe si ang'onoang'ono a khansa amasiyana munthu ndi munthu.

khansa ya m'mawere

Njira Zochizira Zomwe Zimakonda Kwambiri

Chemotherapy: Chithandizo chadongosolo chopangidwa kuti chipeze ndikuwononga ma cell a khansa m'thupi. Komabe, ilinso ndi mbali yoyipa, monga kuwononga maselo athanzi.


Radiotherapy: Ndi chithandizo chomwe chimaperekedwa kwa wodwala popereka mlingo waukulu wa radiation. Maselo a khansa amagawanitsa ndikuchulukana mofulumira kuposa maselo abwinobwino. Radiotherapy ndiyothandiza kwambiri pama cell a khansa kuposa maselo abwinobwino. Sawononga kwambiri maselo athanzi.


Opaleshoni: Pali mitundu ingapo ya opaleshoni. Werengani kuti mudziwe zambiri.

Immunotherapy: Gulu la mankhwala omwe amalimbikitsa chitetezo chanu cha mthupi kuti chiwongolere ndikupha maselo a khansa. Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito yokha kapena kuphatikiza ndi chemotherapy.


mankhwala amphamvu

Chemotherapy imagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala amphamvu opha khansa pochiza khansa. Pali njira zingapo zomwe chemotherapy ingagwiritsidwe ntchito pochiza khansa ya m'mapapo. Mwachitsanzo;

Opaleshoni ingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuwonjezera mwayi wopambana.
Amagwiritsidwa ntchito poletsa kusinthika kwa maselo a khansa pambuyo pa opaleshoni.
Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochepetsa zizindikiro komanso kuchepetsa kufalikira kwa khansa ngati palibe chithandizo chotheka.

Kuphatikiza ndi radiotherapy.
Mankhwala a chemotherapy nthawi zambiri amaperekedwa kwa wodwalayo mozungulira. Kuzungulira kumodzi kumafuna kuti wodwalayo alandire chithandizo chamankhwala kwa masiku angapo. Kenako pamafunika kupuma kwa milungu ingapo kuti chithandizocho chigwire ntchito ndipo thupi lanu limachira ku zotsatira za mankhwalawo.

Ndi magawo angati a Kepotherapy omwe mungafune zimatengera mtundu ndi mtundu wa khansa ya m'mapapo.
Anthu ambiri amalandira chithandizo cha 4 mpaka 6 kwa miyezi 3 mpaka 6.
Chifukwa cha magawowa, mutha kulankhula ndi dokotala ndikumvetsetsa ngati khansayo yachiritsidwa kapena ayi.
Ngati sichinachire, dokotala wanu angaganizire mankhwala ena a chemotherapy kapena mankhwala ochiritsira kuti athetse khansa.

Zotsatira zoyipa

  • kupweteka tsitsi
  • kupsepuka
  • kumva kudwala
  • Kudwala
  • zilonda pakamwa
  • Zotsatira zoyipazi zimatha pakapita nthawi mankhwala akatha. Kapena mutha kumwa mankhwala ena kuti mumve bwino panthawi ya chemotherapy.
  • Panthawi imodzimodziyo, chitetezo cha thupi lanu chidzachepetsedwa pamene mukulandira mankhwala amphamvu. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mutha kutenga matenda ndi matenda. Mukakhala ndi mavuto monga kutentha kwa thupi kapena kufooka mwadzidzidzi, muyenera kuonana ndi dokotala.

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy imagwiritsa ntchito ma radiation kuti awononge maselo a khansa. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazifukwa zingapo;

Ngati wodwalayo alibe thanzi lokwanira kuti achite opaleshoni, njira ya radiotherapy ingagwiritsidwe ntchito pochiza khansa ya m'mapapo yosakhala yaying'ono.
Palliative Radiotherapy: Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuwongolera ndi kuchepetsa zizindikiro monga kupweteka ndi kutsokomola magazi mwa wodwala yemwe ali kumapeto kwa khansa.

Chithandizo cha radiotherapy chikhoza kukonzedwa m'njira zingapo.

Traditional radical radiotherapy: 20 mpaka 32 chithandizo chamankhwala.
Radical radiotherapy nthawi zambiri amapatsidwa masiku 5 pa sabata, ndi nthawi yopuma Loweruka ndi Lamlungu. Gawo lililonse la radiotherapy limatenga mphindi 10 mpaka 15.
(CHATI): Njira ina yoperekera ma radical radiotherapy. Imaperekedwa katatu patsiku kwa masiku 3 otsatizana.

Stereotactic radiotherapy: Gawo lililonse likadutsa limaphatikizapo kuonjezera mlingo woperekedwa. Choncho, mankhwala amatha mu nthawi yochepa. Mu stereotactic radiotherapy, nthawi zambiri pamakhala magawo atatu mpaka 3 a chithandizo.

Palliative radiotherapy nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi magawo 1 mpaka 5.

Zotsatira Zotsatira

  • kupweteka pachifuwa
  • kutopa
  • chifuwa chosatha chomwe chingatulutse sputum wamagazi
  • zovuta kumeza
  • kufiira ndi kuwawa komwe kumawoneka ngati kupsa ndi dzuwa
  • kupweteka tsitsi
khansa ya m'mawere

immunotherapy

Ndi chithandizo chamankhwala chomwe chingagwiritsidwe ntchito pazigawo zina za thupi kudzera mu chubu la pulasitiki. Pafupifupi mphindi 30 mpaka 60 zimafunikira nthawi imodzi. Mlingo ukhoza kutengedwa masabata 2-4 aliwonse.


Zotsatira zoyipa

  • kumva wotopa
  • kumva kufooka
  • kudwala
  • kutsekula
  • kusowa kwa njala
  • kupweteka kwa mafupa anu kapena minofu
  • kupuma movutikira

Mitundu Ya Maopaleshoni A Khansa Yam'mapapo

  • Kuchotsa Wedge: Wedge resection ndi njira yopangira opaleshoni yochotsa khansa ya m'mapapo ndi kagawo kakang'ono ka minyewa itatu. Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pochotsa misa ya khansa kapena mtundu wina wa minofu yomwe imakhala ndi minofu yaying'ono yozungulira chotupacho. Ndi njira wokongola yosavuta. Sizivulaza ziwalo zoyandikana nazo.
  • Segmental Resection: Opaleshoni imeneyi imaphatikizapo kuchotsa mbali ina ya malo amene chotupacho chili. Mu khansa ya m'mapapo, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake kumaphatikizapo kuchotsa lobe ya m'mapapo.
  • Lobectomy: Opaleshoni imeneyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'maselo a khansa omwe amakula mu lobe. M’thupi la munthu muli 3 m’mapapo akumanja ndi 2 kumanzere. Pali 5 lobes onse. Opaleshoniyi imaphatikizapo kuchotsa mbali yomwe ikukula chotupa. Choncho, wodwalayo akhoza kupitiriza moyo wake ndi lobes wathanzi otsala.
  • Pneumonectomy: Opaleshoniyi imaphatikizapo kuchotsa maselo a khansa kumanja kapena m'mapapo, mapapu a khansa kumbali yomwe yafalikira. Motero, wodwalayo akhoza kukhala ndi mapapu athanzi limodzi.

Kodi Opaleshoni ya Khansa Yam'mapapo Imachitika Bwanji?

Opaleshoni imayamba pamene wodwalayo akugona. Dokotala amapereka mpata wochitira opaleshoniyo pom’cheka pachifuwa kapena m’mbali mwa wodwalayo. Chiwindi chonse kapena lobes amatsukidwa. Adotolo amatsukanso ma lymph node omwe ali pafupi ngati akuganiza kuti afalikira. Motero, wodwalayo amachotsa ambiri kapena maselo a khansa. Njirayi imatsirizidwa ndi kutseka wodwalayo.

Pambuyo pa Lug Cancer Operation

Mutha kubwerera kunyumba masiku 5 mpaka 10 mutatha opaleshoni. Komabe, zingatenge masabata angapo kuti achire bwino. Pambuyo pa opaleshoni yanu, muyenera kuyamba kusuntha mwamsanga. Ngakhale mutakhala pabedi, muyenera kusuntha miyendo nthawi zonse kuti magazi anu aziyenda komanso kuti magazi asapangike. Mukafika kunyumba, muyenera kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi kuti mukhale ndi mphamvu komanso kuti mukhale olimba. Kuyenda ndi kusambira ndizochita masewera olimbitsa thupi pambuyo pa chithandizo cha khansa ya m'mapapo.

Mavuto

Monga mu opaleshoni iliyonse, pali zoopsa zina za zovuta za opaleshoni ya khansa ya m'mapapo; Kutupa kwa m'mapapo kapena matenda, kutuluka magazi kwambiri, magazi omwe amatha kuyenda kuchokera ku mwendo kupita kumapapu.

Kodi Pali Zowopsa Zopangira Opaleshoni ya Khansa Yam'mapapo?

Opaleshoni nthawi zambiri imachitika pa mbali ya wodwalayo ndi kudulidwa khungu pafupifupi 15-20 cm. Kumalo kumene opaleshoniyo ikuchitika, pali ziwalo zofunika kwambiri monga mtima, mapapo ndi ziwiya zazikulu. Pachifukwa ichi, tinganene kuti ndi opaleshoni yoopsa kwambiri.Malinga ndi maphunziro a sayansi, chiopsezo chochotsa gawo m'mapapo ndi pafupifupi 2% - 3%.

Komabe, tisaiwale kuti chemotherapy yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa odwala omwe sanachite opaleshoni ndi yowopsa ngati opaleshoniyo. Wodwalayo ayenera kutsatiridwa m'chipinda cha odwala kwambiri kwa tsiku limodzi, malingana ndi momwe alili pambuyo pa opaleshoni. Malingana ngati wodwalayo alibe zovuta, ndikwanira kukhala m'chipatala kwa sabata imodzi.

Dziko Labwino Kwambiri Lochiza Khansa Yam'mapapo

Khansara ya m'mapapo ndi matenda omwe ali ndi chiopsezo chachikulu cha imfa. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, ndizovuta kwambiri kuchiza. Pachifukwa ichi, wodwalayo ayenera kusankha dziko labwino ndi chipatala. Chofunikira kwambiri pachisankhochi chikhala machitidwe azaumoyo mdziko muno. M'dziko lomwe lili ndi thanzi labwino, zipangizo zamakono zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazaumoyo, motero zimapereka chithandizo chabwino.

Komabe, kukhala ndi thanzi labwino sikokwanira. Ziyenera kuganiziridwa kuti wodwalayo atenga nthawi yayitali ya chithandizo. Pachifukwa ichi, dziko lopanda mtengo liyenera kusankhidwa kuti likwaniritse zofunikira monga malo ogona.

Mulibe njira zambiri zamayiko zomwe mungapezere chithandizo chopambana komanso chapamwamba. Mutha kupeza chithandizo chabwino m'maiko ambiri. Komabe, mtengo udzakhala wokwera kwambiri. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, mungapeze dziko limene mungapeze malo ogona otsika mtengo kwambiri. Izi ndizosavuta kwambiri. Komabe, sizikudziwika ngati mudzalandira chithandizo chopambana. Pachifukwa ichi, zisankho zabwino ziyenera kupangidwa pazithandizozi, zomwe ndi zofunika kwambiri.

Dziko lomwe mungagule onse nthawi imodzi ndi Turkey!

Kupambana Zipatala mu Turkey a Lung Cancer Chithandizo

Pali zifukwa zambiri zomwe zipatala ku Turkey zimachita bwino.

  • Zipangizo Zamakono
  • Mapulani Othandizira Okhazikika
  • Madokotala Ochita Opaleshoni Opambana
  • Palibe nthawi yoyimilira
  • Zipinda Zogwirira Ntchito Zaukhondo ku Turkey

Zipangizo Zamakono

Turkey imapereka chithandizo chabwinoko ndi zida zamakono zamakono m'zipatala zake. Zipatala zili ndi zida zomwe zimatha kudziwa bwino matenda a wodwalayo. Motero, pokhala ndi chidziŵitso chowonjezereka chokhudza mtundu wa khansa ya wodwalayo, njira yolondola yochiritsira ingatsatidwe.

Mapulani Othandizira Okhazikika

Ndikosavuta kupeza mtundu wa chithandizo chomwe wodwala angapeze bwino ndi zida zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, ndondomeko yoyenera yamankhwala imakonzedwa kwa wodwalayo. Chithandizo choyenera kwambiri chimakonzedweratu kwa wodwalayo, poganizira mbiri yachipatala, siteji ya khansa, ndi matenda ena omwe amapezeka.

Madokotala Ochita Opaleshoni Opambana

Madokotala amachiza zikwi za odwala khansa chaka chilichonse. Ndi malo omwe anthu amakonda kuchiza khansa. Pachifukwachi, madokotala ali ndi luso lolankhulana ndi kuchiza odwala akunja. Ichi ndi chinthu chofunikira chamankhwala kwa wodwalayo. Kutha kulankhulana ndi dokotala ndikofunikira pamankhwala aliwonse.

Palibe nthawi yoyimilira

Kuchita bwino kwa kayendetsedwe kazaumoyo ku Turkey kumapangitsanso kukhala kosavuta kufikira madokotala apadera. Izi zimathandiza kuti wodwalayo alandire chithandizo popanda nthawi yodikira. Ngakhale kuti amalipira madola masauzande ambiri m'mayiko ambiri, wodwala, yemwe anayenera kuyembekezera chifukwa cha odwala omwe akutsogolera, akhoza kulandira chithandizo ku Turkey popanda nthawi yodikira.

Zipinda Zogwirira Ntchito Zaukhondo ku Turkey

Chitetezo cha mthupi cha odwala khansa ndi chochepa kwambiri chifukwa cha matenda omwe akulimbana nawo kapena mankhwala omwe amalandira. Izi zikutanthauza kuti chipinda chopangira opaleshoni chomwe odwala adzapangiremo odwala chikuyenera kukhala chosabereka. Ku Turkey, pali njira yoyeretsa mpweya, yotchedwa Hepafilter, m'zipinda zogwirira ntchito, ndi makina osefera omwe amapereka njira yotseketsa. Chifukwa cha dongosololi, zipinda zogwirira ntchito nthawi zonse zimakhala zopanda kanthu. Pachifukwa ichi, mwayi wa matenda opatsirana kwa wodwala ndi namwino ndi dokotala ndi wochepa kwambiri.

Kodi Ndichite Chiyani Kuti Ndipeze Chithandizo Cha Khansa Yam'mapapo Ku Turkey?

Kuti akalandire chithandizo ku Turkey, choyamba muyenera kusankha chipatala. Kusankha kwachipatala ndikofunikira kwambiri pamankhwala awa. Pachifukwa ichi, chipatala chabwino chiyenera kusankhidwa. Mutha kutifikira kuti mupeze chithandizo chodalirika muzipatala zabwino kwambiri zaku Turkey. Pa chithandizo chanu, mutha kukwaniritsa zosowa zanu monga malo ogona komanso zoyendera pamtengo umodzi. Mutha kufika Curebooking pamankhwala opambana komanso otsika mtengo.

chifukwa Curebooking?


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